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  1. The main purposes of awake craniotomy are to minimize postoperative brain dysfunction caused by the surgical procedure and to maximize the tumor resection range. In awake craniotomy, it is important to have a ...

    Authors: Shunsuke Tachibana, Masahito Omote and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:37
  2. Involuntary muscle contraction caused by extracardiac stimulation is a rare complication induced by a pacemaker. We report a case who developed sudden onset diaphragmatic contractions during general anesthesia...

    Authors: Kanae Tanabe, Masakazu Kotoda, Daiki Nakashige, Kazuha Mitsui, Kodai Ikemoto and Takashi Matsukawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:36
  3. Although rare, long-lasting fetal tachyarrhythmia often leads to fetal heart failure and hydrops. Some mothers receive transplacental treatment of fetal tachyarrhythmia (TTFT), which can potentially worsen mat...

    Authors: Nobuhiro Tanaka, Tomoaki Fujii, Niina Mikami, Yuka Uchinami, Hitoshi Saito and Yuji Morimoto
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:31
  4. Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a rare, genetic neurodegenerative condition. Thus far, ideal anesthetic management is not established for patients with HSP; therefore, careful selection and dosage of an...

    Authors: Masahiro Tada, Kazuyoshi Tateoka, Kenji Yamamoto, Yasuyoshi Inagaki and Takayuki Kunisawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:30
  5. Primary peritonitis due to Streptococcus pyogenes (S. pyogenes) is uncommon in patients without comorbid conditions such as immunosuppression, nephritic disease, or liver cirrhosis. Furthermore, it does not cause...

    Authors: Masashi Inoue, Eisuke Kako, Rie Kinugasa, Fumiaki Sano, Hironobu Iguchi and Kazuya Sobue
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:29
  6. We present a rare case of prolonged neuromuscular blockade and insufficient reversal after sugammadex administration in a pregnant patient being treated with magnesium sulfate and nifedipine undergoing cesarea...

    Authors: Kuniaki Moriwaki and Kenji Kayashima
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:28
  7. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported an error in Fig. 1b and c. A black bar and arrows were added.

    Authors: Shinju Obara, Koh Kakinouchi, Jun Honda, Yoshie Noji, Chie Hanayama and Masahiro Murakawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:26

    The original article was published in JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:12

  8. Anesthetic considerations for surgery during pregnancy include the safety of both mother and fetus. We successfully administered anesthesia for total mastectomy to a pregnant woman using general anesthesia com...

    Authors: Atsushi Sawada, Sayaka Sotome, Mikako Kusakai and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:23
  9. Esophageal perforation is a rare but serious complication of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). An enlarged left atrium (LA), which is commonly associated with mitral stenosis (MS), is an under-recognized...

    Authors: Aya Kimura, Takashi Mori, Yuki Kihara, Chie Watanabe, Katsuaki Tanaka, Tokuhiro Yamada, Atushi Yoshida, Joji Kawabe, Yoshito Sakon, Toshihiko Sibata and Kiyonobu Nishikawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:21
  10. Radiation enteritis following radiotherapy targeting the abdomen occasionally causes ulcers or ileus, which can be difficult to treat and usually progressive and refractory, significantly degrading the patient...

    Authors: Moegi Tanaka, Yoshinori Kamiya, Hiroki Shimizu, Tatsunori Watanabe, Natsuko Naito and Hiroshi Baba
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:20
  11. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIPD) is a rare acquired immune-mediated progressive and relapsing disorder that causes peripheral neuropathy lasting more than 2 months. We report the succes...

    Authors: Daiki Takekawa, Kishiko Nakai, Hirotaka Kinoshita, Junichi Saito, Masato Kitayama, Tetsuya Kushikata and Kazuyoshi Hirota
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:19
  12. Severe abdominal pain caused by a rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) can decrease a patient’s activities of daily living. A case of postoperative RSH for which a continuous rectus sheath block (RSB) was effective is...

    Authors: Sho Kumita, Shunsuke Tachibana, Takahiro Ichimiya and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:16
  13. Autologous epidural blood patch (AEBP) is effective for post-dural-puncture headache (PDPH). In some cases, repeat procedures are required for complete cure. In rare instances, severe adverse effects can occur...

    Authors: Kentaro Iga, Takeshi Murakoshi, Airi Kato, Keiichiro Kato, Shuhei Terada, Hiroko Konno, Shingo Irikoma, Takashi Suzuki, Mitsuru Matsushita and Yoshie Toba
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:14
  14. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome has the risk of sudden cardiac death. Without appropriate treatment, coronary vasospasm is also a potentially fatal condition due to ischemia-induced ventricular fibrillati...

    Authors: Yuka Matsuki, Maki Mizogami and Kenji Shigemi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:13
  15. Status epilepticus requires immediate treatment because treatment delay can cause permanent neurologic complications. Dexmedetomidine may be an option for the treatment of status epilepticus although its effec...

    Authors: Shinju Obara, Koh Kakinouchi, Jun Honda, Yoshie Noji, Chie Hanayama and Masahiro Murakawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:12

    The Correction to this article has been published in JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:26

  16. Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) was first described in 1987. It is said that MCS is caused by neurological and immunological mechanisms in addition to psychosomatic mechanisms. When performing general anes...

    Authors: Aiji Sato(Boku), Shota Furuno, Yuji Kamimura, Yoshiki Sento, Eisuke Kako, Masahiro Okuda, Yasuyuki Shibuya and Kazuya Sobue
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:10
  17. Placenta percreta is the most severe abnormality in invasive placenta and often treated with cesarean hysterectomy. Endovascular embolization for placental abnormality is known to reduce bleeding from the plac...

    Authors: Takashige Yamada, Eriko Hirahata, Naho Ihara, Daisuke Nishimura, Kei Inoue, Jungo Kato, Hiromasa Nagata, Shizuka Minamishima and Hiroshi Morisaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:9
  18. Thoracic pneumatosis during mechanical ventilation may be life-threatening. We encountered a patient with thoracic pneumatosis after frequent displacement of the tracheal tube with an overinflated cuff.

    Authors: Yuka Tachiiri, Satoki Inoue and Masahiko Kawaguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:8
  19. Biliary atresia can be fatal if surgery is not performed early. Laparoscopic Kasai portoenterostomy was recently introduced in our hospital. Despite laparoscopic surgery generally provides advantages, there ar...

    Authors: Takehito Sato and Kimitoshi Nishiwaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:7
  20. Non-islet cell tumor producing insulin-like growth factor 2 involves hypoglycemia. During tumor resection, intense fluctuation of blood glucose level may occur. An artificial endocrine pancreas has been report...

    Authors: Kenzaburou Sugimoto, Rina Tokitou, Mamoru Kadosaki and Mamoru Takeuchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:6
  21. Bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) is a known complication in patients undergoing cemented orthopedic surgeries; however, the etiology and pathophysiology of BCIS are not fully understood. We report the ...

    Authors: Yuki Izumi, Satoshi Ishihara, Ivor Cammack and Ikuko Miyawaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:5
  22. Acute type A aortic dissections have an extremely poor prognosis, and cardiac tamponade is a major cause of death in these patients. Here, we describe a case where congenital partial pericardial defect relieve...

    Authors: Kota Nishimoto, Takeshi Umegaki, Sayaka Ohira, Yurina Nakajima, Takehiro Soeda and Takahiko Kamibayashi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:4
  23. Changes in coagulability during the hyperacute phase within 24 h after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for Heyde’s syndrome, or aortic stenosis complicated by gastrointestinal angiodysplasia and...

    Authors: Kumi Fukuhara, Takashi Kondo, Hirotsugu Miyoshi, Hiroshi Hamada and Masashi Kawamoto
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:3
  24. Oesophageal submucosal hematoma is a rare perioperative complication. When this complication develops after endovascular surgery, which requires postoperative antiplatelet therapy, whether to stop antiplatelet...

    Authors: Eriko Takeyama, Aiko Wada, Eizo Amano and Hiromi Shibuya
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:2
  25. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a life-threatening disorder, and its relevance to viral hepatitis B (HB) remains unknown. This case presents an initial experience of treating a patient with HB progres...

    Authors: Risa Fukushima, Kotoe Kamata, Fumiko Ariyoshi, Masashi Yanaki, Minoru Nomura and Makoto Ozaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:1
  26. Methylmalonic acidemia (MMAemia) is a rare hereditary disease affecting organic acid metabolism. It causes recurrent metabolic acidosis and secondary mitochondrial dysfunction, resulting in a poor prognosis. L...

    Authors: Akiko Hirotsu, Eriko Kusudo, Natsumi Mori, Yoshimitsu Miyai, Kengo Suzuki, Shuji Kawamoto and Kazuhiko Fukuda
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:83
  27. Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) present increased risks for anesthesia-related complications. We present a case of epidural anesthesia combined with sedation with dexmedetomidine for open app...

    Authors: Mikako Kusakai, Atsushi Sawada, Natsumi Kii, Yasuyuki Tokinaga, Naoyuki Hirata and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:82
  28. The oral thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist lusutrombopag (Mulpleta®) was developed to improve thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic liver disease prior to elective invasive medical procedures. Mulpleta...

    Authors: Tomoko Sasaguri, Naomi Hirakawa and Satoko Uemura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:80
  29. Arginine vasopressin has been used for the management of refractory vasodilatory shock. However, it is still unclear whether arginine vasopressin is useful for hypotension in patients with spinal cord injury.

    Authors: Tsukasa Shimauchi, Jun Maki, Jun Yoshino, Naoyuki Fujimura and Sumio Hoka
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:79
  30. Anesthetic management of lower extremity amputation in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients can be challenging because of their poor cardiovascular status. As previously reported, peripheral nerve block (PNB) ma...

    Authors: Hitomi Takemura, Daisuke Fujita, Megumi Matsuda, Kazuko Fujita, Masahiro Sakaguchi and Fumimasa Amaya
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:77
  31. The intensity of the electrical activity of the diaphragm (Edi) correlates with inspiratory effort. The ratio of tidal volume to the Edi is known as neuroventilatory efficiency (NVE) and is used as an index fo...

    Authors: Yusuke Naito, Yoshiyuki Shimizu, Takeshi Hatachi, Yu Inata, Kazue Moon, Kazuya Tachibana and Muneyuki Takeuchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:76
  32. Although various agents are used during anesthesia for surgical resection of pheochromocytoma, application of desflurane has rarely been reported. We report the use of desflurane in a case receiving resection ...

    Authors: Yutaka Oda, Takahisa Adachi, Ryushi Komatsu, Motoko Shimada and Yukio Tanaka
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:75
  33. Although venous cannulation is imperative during perioperative period, it inevitably causes venipuncture pain. Eutectic mixture local anesthetics (EMLA) has been used to reduce this pain, and various studies h...

    Authors: Tomomi Matsumoto, Tomohiro Chaki, Naoyuki Hirata and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:73
  34. Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by unexplained fever, systemic insensitivity to pain, anhidrosis, and mental distress. Anesthetic man...

    Authors: Yoko Takeuchi, Yoshihito Fujita, Takeshi Shimomura, Shuji Kurokawa, Hiroki Noguchi and Yoshihiro Fujiwara
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:72