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  1. The effect of delirium on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is unknown. This retrospective study was to examine the effect of delirium on CPX at discharge in aged patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

    Authors: Yuta Shimomoto, Kana Mukaiyama, Takashi Hori, Yuichirou Inaki, Takafumi Masai and Yukio Hayashi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:64
  2. Complex anatomical features are challenging for minimally invasive intradiscal therapy owing to insufficient visualization for accurate needle advancement. We report the case of a patient with dysraphic verteb...

    Authors: Shintaro Hagihara, Masayuki Nakagawa, Kana Matsubara, Kohei Godai, Kenya Kamijima and Yoichiro Abe
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:63
  3. Anesthetic management of non-thoracic surgery in patients with giant bullae is challenging. We present a case of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with a giant bulla managed with one-lung ventilation (...

    Authors: Taku Mayahara, Ryosuke Fukuoka, Norihiro Shimada and Junji Nishiyama
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:62
  4. Dexamethasone is used perioperatively as an antiemetic for postoperative nausea and vomiting. Evidence and mechanism linking dexamethasone and hypertensive attack of pheochromocytoma during anesthesia have not...

    Authors: Shuichiro Kurita and Yoshinori Kamiya
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:59
  5. Symptomatic sick sinus syndrome is one of the indications for pacemaker implantation, and we have to consider to program the pacemaker to an asynchronous pacing mode during an operation.

    Authors: Akiko Tomita-Kobayashi, Tomoko Fujimoto, Shoko Takada, Yuki Masuda, Akinobu Mizutani and Yukio Hayashi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:56
  6. Establishing one-lung ventilation (OLV) in patients with tracheal bronchus (TB) may be challenging due to its unusual bronchial anatomy. We present a case of difficult OLV in a patient with right TB and steepl...

    Authors: Taichi Onimaru, Mineto Kamata and Hideyuki Nakagawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:55
  7. In minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a guidewire is inserted from the femoral vein (FV) into the right atrium. However, rarely, the guidewire or catheter...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Takise, Takuma Maeda, Hiroki Yonezawa, Kimito Minami, Masahiro Morinaga and Yoshihiko Ohnishi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:54
  8. Myofascial pain syndrome is one of the causes of prolonged postoperative pain after abdominal surgery. However, diagnosis and treatment of myofascial pain syndrome, especially its myofascial trigger point (MTr...

    Authors: Rumiko Hachisuka, Shima Taguchi, Katsuyuki Moriwaki, Kyoko Oshita, Ayako Umeda and Yasuo M. Tsutsumi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:53
  9. Fever and associated shivering are frequent symptoms in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). High body temperature activates the immune system, which might be beneficial. However, shivering leads...

    Authors: Takanori Suzuka, Yusuke Naito, Keiko Uemura, Mitsuru Ida, Junji Egawa and Masahiko Kawaguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:51

    The Correction to this article has been published in JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:57

  10. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has become a widely accepted treatment strategy for patients with thoracic aortic pathologies. We present a case of TEVAR where transesophageal echocardiography (TEE...

    Authors: Mohamed Eissa, Asadollah Mir-Ghassemi, Sudhir Nagpal and Hesham F. Talab
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:50
  11. Some individuals with subclinical myasthenia gravis (MG) are positive for serum anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies, without neurological symptoms. There are no anesthetic management guidelines for subclini...

    Authors: Satoshi Uchida, Reiko Kudo, Daiki Takekawa and Kazuyoshi Hirota
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:49
  12. Endoscopic procedures are rarely performed in children with congenital heart disease (CHD); therefore, the associated complications are unknown. We report an abrupt change in circulatory and respiratory condit...

    Authors: Nanako Yasutomi, Tatsuhiko Shimizu, Tomoyuki Kanazawa, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Tatsuo Iwasaki and Hiroshi Morimatsu
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:48
  13. Independent lung ventilation (ILV) allows separate positive end-expiratory pressures (PEEP) and inspiratory pressures for each lung. However, only a few articles have reported ILV management for lungs affected...

    Authors: Natsuko Hirai, Makiko Konda, Yusuke Naito, Nobuhiro Tanaka, Junji Egawa and Masahiko Kawaguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:47
  14. Anesthetic management of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) is sometimes difficult due to fatal complications, including hypovolemic shock secondary to aneurysm rupture. We report the successful management of an...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Suda, Ami Sugawara, Megumi Kanao-Kanda, Tomonori Shirasaka, Hiroyuki Kamiya and Hirotsugu Kanda
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:46
  15. We tested the hypothesis that patients who continued buprenorphine postoperatively experience postoperative respiratory depression less frequently than those who discontinued buprenorphine.

    Authors: Ryu Komatsu, Michael D. Singleton, Katherin A. Peperzak, Jiang Wu, Emily M. Dinges and Laurent A. Bollag
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:45
  16. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P) could incidentally cause hyponatremia, known as TUR syndrome due to intravascular absorption of non-electrolytic irrigation fluid. Recently, normal saline has be...

    Authors: Naomi Okuma, Hideki Hino, Madoka Kuroki, Tadashi Matsuura and Takashi Mori
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:43
  17. Children with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) carry a higher risk of respiratory complications after adenotonsillectomy. Their altered sensitivity to opioids may be a significant contributor to respirator...

    Authors: Connie Mun-Price, Kathleen Than, Margaret J. Klein, Patrick Ross, Eugene Kim, Christian Hochstim and Makoto Nagoshi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:41
  18. Intraoperative superior vena cava (SVC) clamping causes hypotension and cerebral congestion. There is no established method for monitoring brain function during cerebral congestion. We encountered a case of ce...

    Authors: Hirotsugu Miyoshi, Ryuji Nakamura, Sachiko Otsuki, Yuko Noda, Noboru Saeki and Yasuo M. Tsutsumi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:40
  19. Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome is characterized by cardiac depression, respiratory failure, myopathy, and anesthesia for affected patients is...

    Authors: Atsuhiro Kitaura, Reiko Kosumi, Tatsushige Iwamoto and Shinichi Nakao
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:38
  20. The use of pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) during one lung ventilation (OLV) has been popular to avoid high airway pressure. We experienced a case of a significant reduction of tidal volume (TV) after co...

    Authors: Taichi Shiraishi, Shinju Obara, Takahiro Hakozaki, Tsuyoshi Isosu and Satoki Inoue
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:36
  21. Anesthesiologists monitor electroencephalography (EEG) intraoperatively to maintain adequate depth of anesthesia. However, the EEG signal is affected by noise and interference. The SedLine® is a brain function...

    Authors: Hiroki Yonezawa, Takuma Maeda, Yoshiaki Takise, Masahiro Morinaga and Yoshihiko Ohnishi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:35
  22. Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of respiratory management strategies for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) have been reported, but no previous study has compared noninvasive ventilation (NIV), high-flow ...

    Authors: Hiromu Okano, Masaaki Sakuraya, Tomoyuki Masuyama, Shunsuke Kimata and Satoshi Hokari
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:34
  23. First-degree atrioventricular block (AVB) may lead to complete AVB. Herein, we present a case of a complete AVB under thoracic epidural catheter infusion of ropivacaine with fentanyl in a patient with first-de...

    Authors: Takuma Hashimoto, Shinobu Kuratomi and Hayashi Yoshimura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:33
  24. Occlusion or malposition of the venous cannula during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) increases central venous pressure (CVP). When high CVP is measured, we need to determine if it is actually high or if it is me...

    Authors: Soshi Narasaki, Hirotsugu Miyoshi, Ryuji Nakamura, Ayako Sumii, Tomoyuki Watanabe, Sachiko Otsuki and Yasuo M. Tsutsumi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:29
  25. Adhesive arachnoiditis has been described as a deteriorating neurological complication after neuraxial blockade; however, few pieces of literatures have reported minor cases that resemble peripheral neuropathy.

    Authors: Satoshi Shimizu
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:28
  26. Cryoprecipitate, which contains fibrinogen and factor VIII in large quantities, is concentrated from fresh frozen plasma, and it has hemostatic effects in severe bleeding. We retrospectively examined the effec...

    Authors: Satoshi Kouroki, Toyoaki Maruta and Isao Tsuneyoshi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:27
  27. Carotid artery manipulation is not a special technique but reports of intraoperative ventricular fibrillation are rare. The risk of fatal arrhythmias may be hidden behind routine surgical techniques and anesth...

    Authors: Yuji Ueda, Masaaki Asamoto, Taro Kariya, Takafumi Akai, Katsuyuki Hoshina and Kanji Uchida
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:26
  28. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is known to cause generalized muscle atrophy and respiratory complications. Anesthetic agents and methods for patients with ALS are extremely important because they critical...

    Authors: Noriaki Nishihara, Shunsuke Tachibana, Mariko Ikeshima, Ayumi Ino and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:25
  29. Monosomy 21 is a rare chromosomal abnormality. It is mainly associated with mental retardation, intellectual disability, growth retardation, microcephaly, and characteristic facial features. General anesthesia...

    Authors: Yoshiki Saito, Tomohiro Chaki, Noriaki Nishihara and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:24
  30. One-lung ventilation is a standard technique for thoracic anesthesia. Usually, one-lung ventilation requires a large-bore tracheal tube. Therefore, in patients with vocal cord morbidity, it is challenging to a...

    Authors: Kenichi Takechi, Yoko Sanki, Kei Abe and Ichiro Shimizu
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:22
  31. Recent technological advancements have enabled the use of electrolyte solutions such as saline or buffered electrolyte solution during transurethral resection or laser enucleation of the prostate. However, sal...

    Authors: Makiko Tabuchi, Kohei Morozumi, Yuichi Maki, Daisuke Toyoda and Yoshifumi Kotake
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:20
  32. Precision medicine is a phrase used to describe personalized medical care tailored to specific patients based on their clinical presentation and genetic makeup. However, despite the fact that several single nu...

    Authors: Yoshiteru Tabata, Yoshiyuki Matsuo, Yosuke Fujii, Atsufumi Ohta and Kiichi Hirota
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:17