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  1. Content type: Case report

    Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) rarely causes lower respiratory tract infections, although most reported cases of B. cereus pneumonia are fatal despite intensive antibiotic therapy. We pre...

    Authors: Yuichiro Shimoyama, Osamu Umegaki, Yukimasa Ooi, Tomoyuki Agui, Noriko Kadono and Toshiaki Minami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:25

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  2. Content type: Clinical research letter

    Central venous catheters (CVCs) are commonly used in the management of critically ill patients. This study aimed to determine whether an educational program could reduce the rate of catheter-related bloodstrea...

    Authors: Yuichiro Shimoyama, Osamu Umegaki, Tomoyuki Agui, Noriko Kadono, Nobuyasu Komasawa and Toshiaki Minami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:23

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Hyperventilation syndrome (HVS) sometimes occurs in patients under stressful conditions and may provoke severe complications such as myocardial infarction and death. The authors report a case of HVS following ...

    Authors: Junichi Saito, Erika Amanai and Kazuyoshi Hirota

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:22

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Extubation is a more challenging medical practice than intubation, and countermeasures against it are similar to those described in the Difficult Intubation Guidelines, but problems cannot be overcome by compl...

    Authors: Mariko Nagata, Yasuyo Shimomura, Yoshitaka Hara, Tomoyuki Nakamura, Seiko Hayakawa, Hidefumi Komura, Junpei Shibata, Chizuru Yamashita and Osamu Nishida

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:21

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Since acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a life-threatening complication, particularly in the gestational period, differential diagnosis and rapid treatment are required. Among the various causes of sudden ons...

    Authors: Yuki Sugiyama, Ryusuke Tanaka, Yuki Yoshiyama, Takashi Ichino, Norimasa Hishinuma, Sari Shimizu, Noriko Imai, Kunihiro Mitsuzawa and Mikito Kawamata

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:20

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Patients with complex congenital heart disease increasingly undergo noncardiac surgeries because of advancements in surgical techniques and medical management. In Fontan circulation, maintaining an adequate tr...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Nakanishi, Kazuyoshi Ishida, Kiyotaka Shiramoto and Mishiya Matsumoto

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:19

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  7. Content type: Case report

    As pregnancy accelerates glioma growth, therapeutic abortion has been recommended prior to tumor resection. Additionally, it has also been suggested that the extent of glioma resection is closely correlated wi...

    Authors: Kotoe Kamata, Risa Fukushima, Minoru Nomura and Makoto Ozaki

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:18

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Following cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) surgery, severe brain edema and hemorrhage may be caused by postoperative normal perfusion pressure breakthrough (NPPB). Sedation is necessary for this popul...

    Authors: Chanatthee Kitsiripant, Kotoe Kamata, Rie Kanamori, Koji Yamaguchi, Makoto Ozaki and Minoru Nomura

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:17

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Easier to perform than the conventional procedure, mini-tracheostomy (MT) is widely used in the operating room or intensive care unit to remove sputum or other obstructions of the upper airway. This option, ho...

    Authors: Hiroshi Inoue, Jun Ito, Hiroaki Uchida, Mariko Morita, Takahiko Masuda, Kazuhiro Yamaya, Masaki Hata and Shigeaki Kato

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:16

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Acute bioprosthetic valve thrombosis can occur after surgery and sometimes cause hemodynamic instability and cardiogenic shock. Risk factors for bioprosthetic valve thrombosis are hypercoagulability, atrial fi...

    Authors: Tatsuyuki Imada, Sho Carl Shibata, Kenta Okitsu and Yuji Fujino

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:15

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Coronary ostial stenosis is a life-threatening complication of aortic valve replacement (AVR). Clinical symptoms usually appear within the first 6 months after AVR (Funada and Mizuno et al., Circ J 70:1312–7, ...

    Authors: Naomi Ono, Toshiyuki Sawai and Hisanari Ishii

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:14

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  12. Content type: Case report

    A 13-month-old infant weighing 8.3 kg with a height of 72.3 cm visited our hospital for surgical resection of facial vascular malformation detected at birth. Because we anticipated the patient would have diffi...

    Authors: Kumi Moriyama, Masanori Mitsuda, Masakazu Kurita, Mine Ozaki, Kiyoshi Moriyama and Tomoko Yorozu

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:12

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Subglottic stenosis can lead to life-threatening difficult tracheal intubation during general anesthesia. We report a case of difficult tracheal intubation in an 11-month-old female who had unrecognized subglo...

    Authors: Natsuko Ohsima, Fumimasa Amaya, Shunsuke Yamakita, Yoshinobu Nakayama, Hideya Kato, Yumi Muranishi, Toshiaki Numajiri and Teiji Sawa

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:10

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  14. Content type: Case report

    A scalp block or wound infiltration of local anesthetic is thought to effectively control post-craniotomy pain. However, it can result in local anesthetic toxicity (LAST), which is difficult to distinguish fro...

    Authors: Rintaro Hoshino, Yoshinori Kamiya, Yuka Fujii and Tsunehisa Tsubokawa

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:9

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  15. Content type: Case Report

    Glycosylation is one of the major posttranslational modifications of proteins and it is essential for proteins to obtain normal biological functions. Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) are very rare ...

    Authors: Wataru Sakai, Yusuke Yoshikawa, Yasuyuki Tokinaga and Michiaki Yamakage

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:8

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  16. Content type: Clinical research letter

    Patient satisfaction with postoperative pain management is an important quality indicator in patient health care, but its determinants are poorly understood. Here, we examined the contribution of the discrepan...

    Authors: Marie Shigematsu-Locatelli, Takashi Kawano, Sonoe Kitamura, Atsushi Nishigaki, Daiki Yamanaka, Bun Aoyama, Hiroki Tateiwa and Masataka Yokoyama

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:5

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  17. Content type: Case report

    A 36-year-old parturient with a suspicion of placenta accreta under tocolytic therapy with ritodrine infusion underwent emergency cesarean section under general anesthesia with propofol, ketamine, and remifent...

    Authors: Daiki Takekawa, Kei Jinushi, Masato Kitayama and Kazuyoshi Hirota

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:3

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Epidural blood patch (EBP) is a recognized treatment for spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak (SCFL) and is typically administered by the interlaminar approach. Here, we report a case of a patient in whom SCFL...

    Authors: Aki Fujiwara, Keisuke Watanabe, Keiji Hashizume, Kozue Shinohara, Michiko Fukumoto, Katsuhiro Kimoto and Masahiko Kawaguchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:2

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Although data from several studies support the use of arginine vasopressin (AVP) for the treatment of hypotension concomitant with pulmonary hypertension (PH) in the cardiac surgery setting, to our knowledge, ...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Mizota, Kohei Fujiwara, Miho Hamada, Shino Matsukawa and Hajime Segawa

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:1

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  20. Content type: Case report

    In 1976, Gonzales-Crussi et al. (Am. J. Dis. Child. 130:1015–18, 1976) introduced the first case of bridging bronchus as a rare bronchial branching anomaly; since then, only 14 worldwide cases was described. W...

    Authors: Ashraf El-Molla, Mohamed Daabiss, Rashed Al-Otaibi, Hussein Al-Qudaihy and Samir Bawazir

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:44

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Post-herpetic itch (PHI) is a neuropathic itch syndrome following herpes zoster. It has been reported that PHI is occasionally sufficiently severe to compromise patients’ quality of life and frequently refract...

    Authors: Daiki Yamanaka, Takashi Kawano, Marie Shigematsu-Locatelli, Atsushi Nishigaki, Sonoe Kitamura, Bun Aoyama, Hiroki Tateiwa, Noriko Kitaoka and Masataka Yokoyama

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:43

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Giant cell myocarditis, characterized by infiltration of multinucleated giant cells in the myocardium, is a rare type of myocarditis. It often progresses rapidly into fulminant heart failure and indicates a po...

    Authors: Yusuke Takei, Yutaka Ejima, Hiroaki Toyama, Kana Takei, Takahisa Ota and Masanori Yamauchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:41

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  23. Content type: Clinical research letter

    Surgery cancellation results in unavailability of the operating room and loss time. We identified the frequency of and reasons for operation cancellations after patients entered the operating room and assessed...

    Authors: Yoko Hori, Ayami Nakayama and Atsuhiro Sakamoto

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:40

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  24. Content type: Clinical research letter

    It has been reported that prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay after cardiac surgery is associated with poor patient outcome. In addition, prolonged stay can block the efficient use of ICU beds with an inc...

    Authors: Satoko Noguchi, Junichi Saito, Eiji Hashiba, Tetsuya Kushikata and Kazuyoshi Hirota

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:39

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is characterized by reversible neurological symptoms with leukoencephalopathy detectable by computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.

    Authors: Nobuo Sato, Haruhiko Machida, Mitsuharu Kodaka, Keiko Nishiyama and Makiko Komori

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:38

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  26. Content type: Case report

    The occurrence of spinal epidural hematomas associated with the use of epidural catheters is relatively rare. Furthermore, it is unusual for hematoma-associated neurological symptoms to occur within 15 min of ...

    Authors: Takeshi Umegaki, Kiichi Hirota, Sayaka Ohira, Takeo Uba, Munenori Kusunoki, Akihisa Okamoto, Kenichiro Nishi and Takahiko Kamibayashi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:37

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Schwartz–Jampel syndrome (SJS) is a rare disorder characterized by micrognathia, kyphoscoliosis, and myotonia. The greatest challenge in the anesthetic management of patients with SJS is performing tracheal in...

    Authors: Keika Mukaihara, Kohei Godai, Tomotsugu Yamada, Maiko Hasegawa-Moriyama and Yuichi Kanmura

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:36

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  28. Content type: Case report

    A 66-year-old man with thrombocytosis was brought to our hospital to undergo removal of a left ventricular thrombus. He had developed cerebral infarction 6 days before presenting to the hospital and suffered f...

    Authors: Mika Nakanishi, Eri Oota, Takehiro Soeda, Kaoru Masumo, Yukihiko Tomita, Takeshi Kato and Toshihiro Imanishi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:35

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Cervical nerves block cannot be performed on some patients because of the risk of phrenic nerve paralysis. To overcome this limitation, we discovered the site of selective only supraclavicular nerve block at t...

    Authors: Hironobu Ueshima and Hiroshi Otake

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:34

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  30. Content type: Case report

    A solitary iliac aneurysm (SIA) is more uncommon than an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The aneurysm is located in the deep pelvis and is diagnosed when it reaches a large size with symptoms of compression around ...

    Authors: Shintaro Doi, Yoshiaki Motoyama and Hiromi Ito

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:33

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  31. Content type: Clinical research letter

    In spinal anesthesia for cesarean section, the addition of fentanyl to the local anesthetic has been reported to improve perioperative analgesia. However, there is only limited knowledge on sedative effects of...

    Authors: Hiroki Iwata, Hiroaki Sakai, Souichiro Mimuro, Nako Uozaki, Hiromitsu Yamaguchi, Kenji Takahashi and Yoshito Shiraishi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:32

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is a potentially life-saving procedure which effectively removes donor-specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies from the bloodstream, allowing critically ill heart tr...

    Authors: Andrew Crabbe, John S. McNeil, Seema P. Deshpande, Zachary Kon, Si M. Pham and Kenichi A. Tanaka

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:31

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Congenital factor VII (FVII) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive coagulation disorder that is characterized by prolongation of prothrombin time. Recombinant activated FVII (rFVIIa) is widely used in the m...

    Authors: Akari Yoshida, Yoshiki Kimoto, Kanako Ejiri, Yasuyuki Mitani and Tomoyuki Kawamata

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:30

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Here, we report the case of a patient who developed protamine shock during a transcatheter aortic valve implant (TAVI) procedure, which was diagnosed by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). A...

    Authors: Akihisa Kataoka, Yusuke Watanabe, Shutaro Seki, Shintaro Takamura, Hirofumi Hioki, Hiroyuki Kyono, Shigehito Sawamura and Ken Kozuma

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:29

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  35. Content type: Case Report

    Recently, rocuronium with subsequent use of sugammadex was proposed for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) as an alternative to succinylcholine. Because sugammadex is cleared via the kidney with no metabolism, it...

    Authors: Shigeaki Kurita, Katsuyuki Moriwaki, Kazuhisa Shiroyama, Mikako Sanuki, Yukari Toyota and Minoru Takebayashi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:28

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  36. Content type: Clinical research letter

    Very few studies have investigated the blood flow velocity from the inferior vena cava (IVC) to the pulmonary artery following the Fontan operation using an extra-cardiac conduit (ECC). No studies at all have ...

    Authors: Satoshi Kurokawa, Kenji Doi, Shihoko Iwata, Keita Sato, Yusuke Seino, Minoru Nomura and Makoto Ozaki

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:27

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Infectious endocarditis (IE) with acute heart failure is a medical emergency. In particular, postoperative IE after aortic repair with an artificial vascular graft is a life-threatening matter. We present a ca...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Sawai, Junko Nakahira, Manabu Kitano and Toshiaki Minami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:26

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Maternal uniparental disomy 14 (UPD(14)mat) is an imprinting disorder. It is a rare disease, but there is the possibility that more undiagnosed patients might exist because the clinical features of UPD(14)mat ...

    Authors: Kenta Furutani, Yoshie Kodera, Masataka Hiruma, Hideaki Ishii and Hiroshi Baba

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:25

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  39. Content type: Case report

    The anesthetic management of centenarians is challenging, since they have loss of functional reserve in all organs. The mortality rate of 25 % is reported in patients over 100 years old who underwent emergency...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Nagamine, Kohei Godai, Hiroshi Oki and Yuichi Kanmura

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:24

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  40. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Mitral valve stenosis (MS) associated with rheumatic disease no longer represents a major heart problem during the perinatal period in Japan. Here we present a case of acute heart failure due to MS after emerg...

    Authors: Yuichiro Shimoyama, Toshiyuki Sawai, Osamu Umegaki, Tomoyuki Agui, Noriko Kadono, Junko Nakahira and Toshiaki Minami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:23

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  41. Content type: Case report

    In 2005, “anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis,” a syndrome with prominent psychiatric symptoms, memory loss, decrease in level of consciousness, and central hypoventilation, was described in yo...

    Authors: Yuichiro Shimoyama, Osamu Umegaki, Tomoyuki Agui, Noriko Kadono and Toshiaki Minami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:22

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Although brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM) usually remain asymptomatic during pregnancy, they can cause intracranial hemorrhage and lead to serious neurological deficits. Nowadays, it is accepted that tr...

    Authors: Satoru Asano, Nahoko Hayashi, Shunsuke Edakubo, Maiko Hosokawa, Junko Suwa, Yutaka Saito, Shunsuke Ichi, Masuzo Taneda and Keiichi Katoh

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:21

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  43. Content type: Case report

    This report describes a case of transient cardiac arrest in a child with Down syndrome. The cardiac arrest occurred during induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane. To the best of our knowledge, this is the fi...

    Authors: Kentaro Nogami, Shogo Taniguchi and Kyoko Togami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:18

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