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  1. Extubation failure, i.e., reintubation in ventilated patients, is a well-known risk factor for mortality and prolonged stay in the intensive care unit (ICU). Although sputum volume is a risk factor, the freque...

    Authors: Junpei Haruna, Hiroomi Tatsumi, Satoshi Kazuma, Aki Sasaki and Yoshiki Masuda
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:5
  2. Pneumoperitoneum is a common complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). We report a case of circulatory and respiratory depression due to pneumoperitoneum caused by PEG dislodgement during endo...

    Authors: Jun Honda, Keisuke Kuwana, Saori Kase, Shinju Obara and Satoki Inoue
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:3
  3. Trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) by stimulation of the sensory branch of the trigeminal nerve induces transient bradycardia and hypotension. We report a case in which light mechanical stimulation to the dura mate...

    Authors: Akari Yoshida, Takafumi Seki, Yuichi Aratani, Tadashi Tanioku and Tomoyuki Kawamata
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:2
  4. Takayasu’s arteritis (TA) is a chronic, progressive, inflammatory arteritis. We presented the case of cesarean section in a patient with TA.

    Authors: Taichi Ando, Makoto Sumie, Shoichi Sasaki, Miho Yoshimura, Keiko Nobukuni, Jun Maki, Katsuyuki Matsushita, Kazuhiro Shirozu, Midoriko Higashi and Ken Yamaura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2022 8:1
  5. The efficacy of glucagon for adrenaline-resistant anaphylactic shock in patients taking β-blockers is controversial. However, understanding the efficacy of glucagon is important because adrenaline-resistant an...

    Authors: Yu Murakami, Shohei Kaneko, Haruka Yokoyama, Hironori Ishizaki, Motohiro Sekino, Hiroaki Murata and Tetsuya Hara
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:86
  6. To elucidate the clinical course of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treated at a specialized hospital mainly for those with mild and moderate severity during the third wave, and to compare th...

    Authors: Yutaka Oda, Motoko Shimada, Satoshi Shiraishi and Osamu Kurai
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:85
  7. Some institutions reuse cuff syringes and do not periodically sterilize cuff pressure gauges. Pathogenic bacterial contamination of such equipment may increase the probability of pathogen transmission to patie...

    Authors: Rieko Oishi, Kiwamu Nakamura, Yoko Yahagi, Kazutaka Ohashi, Yukiko Takano, Rie Harada, Shinju Obara, Satoki Inoue, Keiji Kanemitsu and Masahiro Murakawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:83
  8. Atrial tachycardia (AT) is rare in children and can usually be reversed to sinus rhythm with pharmacotherapy and cardioversion. We report a rare case of severe left-sided heart failure due to refractory AT.

    Authors: Tatsuhiko Shimizu, Tomoyuki Kanazawa, Takanobu Sakura, Kazuyoshi Shimizu and Tatsuo Iwasaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:81
  9. Continuous electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring is useful for assessing the level of sedation and detecting non-convulsive epileptic seizures and cerebral ischemia in the intensive care unit. This report desc...

    Authors: Keisuke Mihara, Haruna Nakahara, Kouhei Iwashita, Kenji Shigematsu, Ken Yamaura and Kozaburo Akiyoshi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:79
  10. Bronchial dehiscence is a life-threatening complication after lung transplant. If it is not treated by placement of stent or reanastomosis, the chance of survival will depend on the availability of a new graft...

    Authors: Makiko Tani
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:77
  11. Vertebral compression fractures can cause severe back pain. Although many types of analgesics and interventional treatments are available, they are sometimes ineffective in mitigating the pain. We encountered ...

    Authors: Kazuki Akita, Yasutomo Kumakura, Emi Nakajima, Hiroki Ishiguro and Tetsuya Iijima
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:75
  12. We herein present a case of venous thrombosis that developed more than 20 years after diagnosis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), although many reports of GPA have described venous thrombosis within 1...

    Authors: Chiharu Wakuda, Yoshitaka Aoki, Sho Sugimura, Takayuki Katsuragawa, Yukako Obata, Soichiro Mimuro, Matsuyuki Doi and Yoshiki Nakajima
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:73
  13. Remimazolam is a newly developed benzodiazepine with more rapid onset and offset of sedation effects than midazolam. We report elderly patients in whom a small dose of remimazolam was successfully used for gen...

    Authors: Junko Nakayama, Tomomi Ogihara, Rui Yajima, Yasushi Innami and Takashi Ouchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:71
  14. Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) is used to reduce the risk of peri-operative allogeneic blood transfusion. Although crystalloid and/or colloid solutions have been used for volume replacement during ANH, ...

    Authors: Yoko Midorikawa, Junichi Saito, Masato Kitayama, Kentaro Toyooka and Kazuyoshi Hirota
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:70
  15. Perforation of the right ventricle by a pacemaker lead is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication. We present a patient who developed right ventricular perforation, pneumothorax, and a cyst and un...

    Authors: Shihoko Iwata, Ayana Hirose, Ikue Furui, Takako Matsumoto, Makoto Ozaki and Yasuko Nagasaka
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:69
  16. Platypnea–orthodeoxia syndrome (POS) is a rare clinical condition characterized by respiratory distress and/or hypoxia developing in the sitting/upright position, which is relieved in the recumbent position. T...

    Authors: Takuo Hoshi, Yu Tadokoro, Masaru Nemoto, Junya Honda and Shihori Matsukura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:67
  17. It is unclear whether perioperative Bispectral Index™ (BIS) monitoring in pediatric cases with acute liver failure (ALF) is effective for evaluation of neurological function. We describe a pediatric patient wi...

    Authors: Nozomu Yamada, Juntaro Shiba, Hiroaki Kikuchi, Takashi Yamada, Naoyuki Taga and Mamoru Takeuchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:66
  18. It has been suggested that radiating pain during spinal or epidural needle insertion and catheter placement can be an indicator of needle-related nerve injury. In this study, using a historical cohort, we inve...

    Authors: Taichi Kotani, Satoki Inoue, Keiko Uemura and Masahiko Kawaguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:64
  19. Few studies examined time-to-time changes of cuff pressure of an endotracheal tube during surgery. We retrospectively analyzed the changes of cuff pressure during thyroid surgery and examined its relationships...

    Authors: Koko Adachi, Yoshinobu Kameyama and Kohkichi Andoh
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:63
  20. Hyperactive dysfunction syndrome (HDS) refers to a constellation of symptoms developing from cranial nerve overactivity caused by neurovascular compression at the root entry or exit zone near the brainstem. Al...

    Authors: Aiko Maeda, Kenzo Araki, Chiaki Yamada, Shoko Nakayama, Kazuhiro Shirozu and Ken Yamaura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:61
  21. Anaphylaxis caused by a catheter itself used for endovascular surgery is rare, and a method for detection of a causative catheter has not been established. We report a case of catheter-induced anaphylaxis in w...

    Authors: Yuki Sugiyama, Kaori Numata, Natsuko Watanabe, Masatoshi Urasawa, Toru Murakami, Ikuko Murakami, Jun-Ichi Koyama and Mikito Kawamata
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:59
  22. We present a case of COVID-19–positive pediatric patient for urgent urological surgery by spinal anesthesia to avoid aerosolizing procedure.

    Authors: Franchesca Rivera-Calonje, Shiu-Yi Emily Chen, Carl Lo, Sang Le and Makoto Nagoshi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:57
  23. Laparoscopic surgery for a patient with Fontan physiology is challenging because pneumoperitoneum and positive pressure ventilation could decrease venous return and the accumulated partial pressure of arterial...

    Authors: Kazutomo Saito, Hiroaki Toyama, Moeka Saito and Masanori Yamauchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:56
  24. Glutaric acidemia is a type of multiple acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency, an inborn error in fatty acid metabolism. In patients with glutaric acidemia, during the perioperative period, prolonged fastin...

    Authors: Ryoko Owaki-Nakano, Midoriko Higashi, Kohei Iwashita, Kenji Shigematsu, Emiko Toyama and Ken Yamaura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:54
  25. During pulmonary segmentectomy, identification of the target segment is essential. We used bronchoscopic jet ventilation (BJV) to delineate the intersegmental plane by selectively sending air into the target s...

    Authors: Mizuko Ikeda, Miwako Tanabe, Ayumi Fujimoto, Tomoka Matsuoka, Makoto Sumie and Ken Yamaura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:53
  26. We tested the hypothesis that the C-MAC® video laryngoscope (C-MAC) with an external display is more useful than the disposable i-view™ video laryngoscope (i-view) with an integrated display or a Macintosh dir...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Nakanishi, Yoshiki Sento, Yuji Kamimura and Kazuya Sobue
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:52
  27. Spinal nerve block is difficult with minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS), because of the risk of serious bleeding complications due to full heparinization. Continuous extrapleural intercostal nerve block...

    Authors: Misa Terauchi, Hiroai Okutani, Daisuke Ishimoto, Noriko Shimode, Yumiko Takao and Munetaka Hirose
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:48
  28. Most patients with congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) develop respiratory symptoms early in life. CTS remaining undiagnosed until adulthood is rare.

    Authors: Shoko Hasegawa, Kenichiro Koda, Masashi Uzawa, Haruka Kimura, Rie Kimura and Takayuki Kitamura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:47
  29. Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) frequently complain of intractable pain that is resistant to conservative treatments. Here, we report the successful application of 1-kHz high-frequency spinal cord stimu...

    Authors: Chiaki Yamada, Aiko Maeda, Katsuyuki Matsushita, Shoko Nakayama, Kazuhiro Shirozu and Ken Yamaura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:46
  30. Acute onset paraplegia after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a rare but well-known complication. We here show a 79-year-old woman with paraplegia caused by static and dynamic spinal cord insult not by i...

    Authors: Atsushi Morio, Hirotsugu Miyoshi, Noboru Saeki, Yukari Toyota and Yasuo M. Tsutsumi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:44
  31. To prevent cardiac collapse and to protect cerebral function, hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass is established before resternotomy. However, ventricular fibrillation under hypothermia facilitates left ventric...

    Authors: Akiko Tomita, Tomoko Fujimoto, Shoko Takada and Yukio Hayashi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2021 7:43