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  1. Content type: Original article

    Lumbar epidural analgesia (LEA) is the most widely used method in reducing labor pain. Previous RCTs have shown that LEA does not increase cesarean section rates; however, the results are inconsistent and may ...

    Authors: Yusuke Naito, Mitsuru Ida, Ryo Yamamoto, Kazuya Tachibana and Keiko Kinouchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:40

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  2. Content type: Original article

    Serum cholinesterase (ChE) in elderly adults is associated with geriatric conditions such as sarcopenia and malnutrition. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of preoperative serum ChE on the develop...

    Authors: Mitsuhiro Matsuo and Tohru Yamagami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:39

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy is an uncommon form of heart failure that occurs in otherwise healthy women during pregnancy or until 5 months postpartum. Here, we report a rare case where a female patient underwent...

    Authors: Saya Hakata, Takeshi Umegaki, Takehiro Soeda, Kota Nishimoto, Akiko Ando, Natsuki Anada, Takeo Uba, Chisato Sumi and Takahiko Kamibayashi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:38

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  4. Content type: Case report

    The main purposes of awake craniotomy are to minimize postoperative brain dysfunction caused by the surgical procedure and to maximize the tumor resection range. In awake craniotomy, it is important to have a ...

    Authors: Shunsuke Tachibana, Masahito Omote and Michiaki Yamakage

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:37

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Involuntary muscle contraction caused by extracardiac stimulation is a rare complication induced by a pacemaker. We report a case who developed sudden onset diaphragmatic contractions during general anesthesia...

    Authors: Kanae Tanabe, Masakazu Kotoda, Daiki Nakashige, Kazuha Mitsui, Kodai Ikemoto and Takashi Matsukawa

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:36

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Although rare, long-lasting fetal tachyarrhythmia often leads to fetal heart failure and hydrops. Some mothers receive transplacental treatment of fetal tachyarrhythmia (TTFT), which can potentially worsen mat...

    Authors: Nobuhiro Tanaka, Tomoaki Fujii, Niina Mikami, Yuka Uchinami, Hitoshi Saito and Yuji Morimoto

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:31

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a rare, genetic neurodegenerative condition. Thus far, ideal anesthetic management is not established for patients with HSP; therefore, careful selection and dosage of an...

    Authors: Masahiro Tada, Kazuyoshi Tateoka, Kenji Yamamoto, Yasuyoshi Inagaki and Takayuki Kunisawa

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:30

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Primary peritonitis due to Streptococcus pyogenes (S. pyogenes) is uncommon in patients without comorbid conditions such as immunosuppression, nephritic disease, or liver cirrhosis. Furthermore, it does not cause...

    Authors: Masashi Inoue, Eisuke Kako, Rie Kinugasa, Fumiaki Sano, Hironobu Iguchi and Kazuya Sobue

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:29

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  9. Content type: Case report

    We present a rare case of prolonged neuromuscular blockade and insufficient reversal after sugammadex administration in a pregnant patient being treated with magnesium sulfate and nifedipine undergoing cesarea...

    Authors: Kuniaki Moriwaki and Kenji Kayashima

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:28

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  10. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported an error in Fig. 1b and c. A black bar and arrows were added.

    Authors: Shinju Obara, Koh Kakinouchi, Jun Honda, Yoshie Noji, Chie Hanayama and Masahiro Murakawa

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:26

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    The original article was published in JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:12

  11. Content type: Case report

    Anesthetic considerations for surgery during pregnancy include the safety of both mother and fetus. We successfully administered anesthesia for total mastectomy to a pregnant woman using general anesthesia com...

    Authors: Atsushi Sawada, Sayaka Sotome, Mikako Kusakai and Michiaki Yamakage

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:23

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Esophageal perforation is a rare but serious complication of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). An enlarged left atrium (LA), which is commonly associated with mitral stenosis (MS), is an under-recognized...

    Authors: Aya Kimura, Takashi Mori, Yuki Kihara, Chie Watanabe, Katsuaki Tanaka, Tokuhiro Yamada, Atushi Yoshida, Joji Kawabe, Yoshito Sakon, Toshihiko Sibata and Kiyonobu Nishikawa

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:21

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Radiation enteritis following radiotherapy targeting the abdomen occasionally causes ulcers or ileus, which can be difficult to treat and usually progressive and refractory, significantly degrading the patient...

    Authors: Moegi Tanaka, Yoshinori Kamiya, Hiroki Shimizu, Tatsunori Watanabe, Natsuko Naito and Hiroshi Baba

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:20

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIPD) is a rare acquired immune-mediated progressive and relapsing disorder that causes peripheral neuropathy lasting more than 2 months. We report the succes...

    Authors: Daiki Takekawa, Kishiko Nakai, Hirotaka Kinoshita, Junichi Saito, Masato Kitayama, Tetsuya Kushikata and Kazuyoshi Hirota

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:19

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Severe abdominal pain caused by a rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) can decrease a patient’s activities of daily living. A case of postoperative RSH for which a continuous rectus sheath block (RSB) was effective is...

    Authors: Sho Kumita, Shunsuke Tachibana, Takahiro Ichimiya and Michiaki Yamakage

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:16

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Autologous epidural blood patch (AEBP) is effective for post-dural-puncture headache (PDPH). In some cases, repeat procedures are required for complete cure. In rare instances, severe adverse effects can occur...

    Authors: Kentaro Iga, Takeshi Murakoshi, Airi Kato, Keiichiro Kato, Shuhei Terada, Hiroko Konno, Shingo Irikoma, Takashi Suzuki, Mitsuru Matsushita and Yoshie Toba

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:14

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome has the risk of sudden cardiac death. Without appropriate treatment, coronary vasospasm is also a potentially fatal condition due to ischemia-induced ventricular fibrillati...

    Authors: Yuka Matsuki, Maki Mizogami and Kenji Shigemi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:13

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Status epilepticus requires immediate treatment because treatment delay can cause permanent neurologic complications. Dexmedetomidine may be an option for the treatment of status epilepticus although its effec...

    Authors: Shinju Obara, Koh Kakinouchi, Jun Honda, Yoshie Noji, Chie Hanayama and Masahiro Murakawa

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:12

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    The Correction to this article has been published in JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:26

  19. Content type: Case report

    Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) was first described in 1987. It is said that MCS is caused by neurological and immunological mechanisms in addition to psychosomatic mechanisms. When performing general anes...

    Authors: Aiji Sato(Boku), Shota Furuno, Yuji Kamimura, Yoshiki Sento, Eisuke Kako, Masahiro Okuda, Yasuyuki Shibuya and Kazuya Sobue

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:10

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Placenta percreta is the most severe abnormality in invasive placenta and often treated with cesarean hysterectomy. Endovascular embolization for placental abnormality is known to reduce bleeding from the plac...

    Authors: Takashige Yamada, Eriko Hirahata, Naho Ihara, Daisuke Nishimura, Kei Inoue, Jungo Kato, Hiromasa Nagata, Shizuka Minamishima and Hiroshi Morisaki

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:9

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Thoracic pneumatosis during mechanical ventilation may be life-threatening. We encountered a patient with thoracic pneumatosis after frequent displacement of the tracheal tube with an overinflated cuff.

    Authors: Yuka Tachiiri, Satoki Inoue and Masahiko Kawaguchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:8

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  22. Content type: Clinical research article

    Biliary atresia can be fatal if surgery is not performed early. Laparoscopic Kasai portoenterostomy was recently introduced in our hospital. Despite laparoscopic surgery generally provides advantages, there ar...

    Authors: Takehito Sato and Kimitoshi Nishiwaki

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:7

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Non-islet cell tumor producing insulin-like growth factor 2 involves hypoglycemia. During tumor resection, intense fluctuation of blood glucose level may occur. An artificial endocrine pancreas has been report...

    Authors: Kenzaburou Sugimoto, Rina Tokitou, Mamoru Kadosaki and Mamoru Takeuchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:6

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) is a known complication in patients undergoing cemented orthopedic surgeries; however, the etiology and pathophysiology of BCIS are not fully understood. We report the ...

    Authors: Yuki Izumi, Satoshi Ishihara, Ivor Cammack and Ikuko Miyawaki

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:5

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Acute type A aortic dissections have an extremely poor prognosis, and cardiac tamponade is a major cause of death in these patients. Here, we describe a case where congenital partial pericardial defect relieve...

    Authors: Kota Nishimoto, Takeshi Umegaki, Sayaka Ohira, Yurina Nakajima, Takehiro Soeda and Takahiko Kamibayashi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:4

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Changes in coagulability during the hyperacute phase within 24 h after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for Heyde’s syndrome, or aortic stenosis complicated by gastrointestinal angiodysplasia and...

    Authors: Kumi Fukuhara, Takashi Kondo, Hirotsugu Miyoshi, Hiroshi Hamada and Masashi Kawamoto

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:3

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Oesophageal submucosal hematoma is a rare perioperative complication. When this complication develops after endovascular surgery, which requires postoperative antiplatelet therapy, whether to stop antiplatelet...

    Authors: Eriko Takeyama, Aiko Wada, Eizo Amano and Hiromi Shibuya

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:2

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a life-threatening disorder, and its relevance to viral hepatitis B (HB) remains unknown. This case presents an initial experience of treating a patient with HB progres...

    Authors: Risa Fukushima, Kotoe Kamata, Fumiko Ariyoshi, Masashi Yanaki, Minoru Nomura and Makoto Ozaki

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:1

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Methylmalonic acidemia (MMAemia) is a rare hereditary disease affecting organic acid metabolism. It causes recurrent metabolic acidosis and secondary mitochondrial dysfunction, resulting in a poor prognosis. L...

    Authors: Akiko Hirotsu, Eriko Kusudo, Natsumi Mori, Yoshimitsu Miyai, Kengo Suzuki, Shuji Kawamoto and Kazuhiko Fukuda

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:83

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) present increased risks for anesthesia-related complications. We present a case of epidural anesthesia combined with sedation with dexmedetomidine for open app...

    Authors: Mikako Kusakai, Atsushi Sawada, Natsumi Kii, Yasuyuki Tokinaga, Naoyuki Hirata and Michiaki Yamakage

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:82

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  31. Content type: Case report

    The oral thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist lusutrombopag (Mulpleta®) was developed to improve thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic liver disease prior to elective invasive medical procedures. Mulpleta...

    Authors: Tomoko Sasaguri, Naomi Hirakawa and Satoko Uemura

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:80

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Arginine vasopressin has been used for the management of refractory vasodilatory shock. However, it is still unclear whether arginine vasopressin is useful for hypotension in patients with spinal cord injury.

    Authors: Tsukasa Shimauchi, Jun Maki, Jun Yoshino, Naoyuki Fujimura and Sumio Hoka

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:79

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  33. Content type: Clinical research article

    Anesthetic management of lower extremity amputation in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients can be challenging because of their poor cardiovascular status. As previously reported, peripheral nerve block (PNB) ma...

    Authors: Hitomi Takemura, Daisuke Fujita, Megumi Matsuda, Kazuko Fujita, Masahiro Sakaguchi and Fumimasa Amaya

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:77

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  34. Content type: Case report

    The intensity of the electrical activity of the diaphragm (Edi) correlates with inspiratory effort. The ratio of tidal volume to the Edi is known as neuroventilatory efficiency (NVE) and is used as an index fo...

    Authors: Yusuke Naito, Yoshiyuki Shimizu, Takeshi Hatachi, Yu Inata, Kazue Moon, Kazuya Tachibana and Muneyuki Takeuchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:76

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Although various agents are used during anesthesia for surgical resection of pheochromocytoma, application of desflurane has rarely been reported. We report the use of desflurane in a case receiving resection ...

    Authors: Yutaka Oda, Takahisa Adachi, Ryushi Komatsu, Motoko Shimada and Yukio Tanaka

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:75

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