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  1. Kagami-Ogata syndrome (KOS) is due to abnormal gene expression in the 14q32.2 imprinted region. Laryngomalacia and bell-shaped thorax of children with KOS can affect airway management of general anesthesia.

    Authors: Hisako Nishimoto, Masahiro Yagihara, Aki Uemura and Yoshiki Nakajima

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:91

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Classic symptoms of acute appendicitis are well known but are uncommon and often misinterpreted in pediatric patients, potentially delaying diagnosis and resulting in rare sequelae.

    Authors: Bibek Saha, Kazuyoshi Aoyama, Maria-Alexandra Petre, Marina Englesakis, James Robertson and Mark Levine

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:89

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Acute neurological deficit upon emergence from general anesthesia is a serious emergency. Conversion disorder, previously known as hysteria, is a somatoform disorder that causes neurological deficits without a...

    Authors: Asuka Ito, Tatsuo Nakamoto, Sayaka Ohira and Takahiko Kamibayashi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:88

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Currently, the occurrence of left atrial thrombus despite the provision of heparinization within a few days of hospitalization without atrial fibrillation (AF) and mitral stenosis (MS) is rarely reported.

    Authors: Keiko Okamura, Mitsuharu Kodaka, Junko Ichikawa, Kazuyoshi Ando and Makiko Komori

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:86

    Content type: Case report

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  5. An increasing number of patients come to the operating room in use of opioid analgesics. They have different levels of tolerance to opioid effects which challenge the anesthesiologists in search of safe and ef...

    Authors: Natsuko Nozaki-Taguchi, Taiichiro Hayashida and Shiroh Isono

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:85

    Content type: Clinical Research Article

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  6. Neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) occur in different forms and are generally diagnosed using muscle biopsy. Among the available anesthetic management options for infants with a suspected NMD are general anesthesi...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Ishida, Masato Morita, Takahisa Sasaki and Akiko Taniguchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:84

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Few cases of asystole or severe bradycardia occurring after the termination of seizure in the third phase with the dominance of parasympathetic nervous system activity during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) ha...

    Authors: Yuji Kadoi, Minoru Michizaki, Takanari Saito, Jo Ota, Shigeru Saito and Tatsuo Sameshima

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:83

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Myotonic dystrophy is a disorder affecting multiple organs including skeletal muscles and causes respiratory failure. We describe a patient who developed respiratory failure, with delayed diagnosis of myotonic...

    Authors: Noriaki Nishihara, Shunsuke Tachibana, Hajime Sonoda and Michiaki Yamakage

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:80

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Pneumopericardium in neonates is often associated with respiratory diseases, of which positive pressure ventilation (PPV) is an exacerbating factor. Here, we present a neonate case of pneumopericardium after c...

    Authors: Makiko Tani, Tomoyuki Kanazawa, Naohiro Shioji, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Tatsuo Iwasaki and Hiroshi Morimatsu

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:79

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) frequently complain of intractable pain that is resistant to conservative treatments. Although spinal cord stimulation (SCS) may be promising in the alleviati...

    Authors: Aiko Maeda, Masatsugu Watanabe, Chiaki Saigano, Shoko Nakayama and Ken Yamaura

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:78

    Content type: Case report

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  11. The anesthetic management of cesarean sections in Fontan-palliated parturients requires strict hemodynamic control. However, patient management with central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and oxygen consumption...

    Authors: Kazutomo Saito, Hiroaki Toyama, Atsushi Okamoto and Masanori Yamauchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:77

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Removal of an airway foreign body is challenging to anesthesiologists. We report successful removal of an extremely rare foreign body between a tracheal tube and the trachea in patients under tracheal intubation.

    Authors: Shiori Tanaka, Keisuke Yoshida, Kenichi Muramatsu, Shigeki Yamagishi, Shinju Obara and Kazuhiro Watanabe

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:76

    Content type: Case report

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  13. In single-space combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA), it is important to correctly determine if the fluid coming out of the spinal needle is cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or the liquid used in the loss of re...

    Authors: Hiromi Ikegami, Kunihisa Hotta and Yoshie Toba

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:75

    Content type: Clinical Research Article

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  14. Hyponatremia can be developed during hysteroscopic surgery with electrolyte-free irrigation fluid. We experienced severe hyponatremia with postoperative seizures and confirmed mild brain edema.

    Authors: Haruko Okazaki, Norikazu Miura, Yuki Kashima, Ryoichi Miyashita, Katsunori Oe, Keiko Kawakami, Tetsuya Ishikawa and Kenichi Masui

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:74

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Excessive dynamic airway collapse (EDAC) is an uncommon cause of high airway pressure during mechanical ventilation. However, EDAC is not widely recognized by anesthesiologists, and therefore, it is often misd...

    Authors: Shunichi Murakami, Shunsuke Tsuruta, Kazuyoshi Ishida, Atsuo Yamashita and Mishiya Matsumoto

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:73

    Content type: Case report

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  16. In a patient with very long-chain acyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency, metabolism of fatty acids is impaired and a supply of alternative energy is limited when glucose level is insufficient on sta...

    Authors: Haruyuki Yuasa, Yukio Onoda, Atsuhiro Kitaura, Takashi Mino, Shota Tsukimoto and Shinichi Nakao

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:72

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Pulmonary vein thrombosis (PVT) and cerebral infarction are rare but critical complications after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS).

    Authors: Yosuke Fujii, Yumiko Mori, Kei Kambara, Kiichi Hirota, Masashi Yanada, Shogo Toda and Mitsuko Hashiguchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:71

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Approximately half of Kawasaki disease patients are expected to have transitioned to adulthood, and an increasing number of patients with cardiovascular sequelae have gotten pregnant. Management of women with ...

    Authors: Rie Inoue, Yusuke Mazda, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kayo Tanaka, Jun Yoshimatsu, Kazumi Tamura and Katsuo Terui

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:67

    Content type: Clinical Research Article

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  19. Periarticular anesthetic infiltration (PAI) with a corticosteroid is a modality for pain control following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Systemic corticosteroids are an established antiemetic for the prophyla...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Yano, Takashi Imaizumi, Hidemi Matsu-ura and Tomoki Takahashi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:66

    Content type: Clinical Research Article

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  20. There has been increasing attention regarding quadratus lumborum block (QLB) and erector spinae plane block (ESPB) as effective truncal blocks. There have been reports of combined QLB and ESPB usage in hip sur...

    Authors: Nobuhiro Tanaka, Takuzo Kitazawa, Saki Mitani, Takanori Suzuka, Yuma Kadoya and Masahiko Kawaguchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:65

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is useful for providing analgesia after thoracic surgery. Previous reports show that ESPB is safely performed in patients receiving antithrombotic drugs. We effectively perfor...

    Authors: Yu Yamane, Masayuki Kosaka, Haruki Akiizumi and Mitsuo Kuroda

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:64

    Content type: Case report

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  22. The left internal jugular vein may be an alternative route for the placement of a pulmonary artery catheter when the right jugular vein is not available. Although the placement through the left internal jugula...

    Authors: Akiko Tomita, Shoko Takada, Tomoko Fujimoto, Mitsuo Iwasaki and Yukio Hayashi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:63

    Content type: Original article

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  23. Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a mostly autosomal recessive genetic disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness from anterior horn degeneration. Nusinersen has recently been approved as a disease-mo...

    Authors: Takashi Nagano, Shinichi Sakura, Noritaka Imamachi and Yoji Saito

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:61

    Content type: Case report

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  24. We report a patient in whom we failed to suppress ventricular fibrillation (VF) using nifekalant but succeeded using amiodarone during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

    Authors: Mitsuharu Kodaka, Tetsu Mori, Junko Ichikawa, Kazuyoshi Ando and Makiko Komori

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:60

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is rare but can lead to life-threatening complications including cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). The concurrence of CVT and SIH raises questions regarding priority.

    Authors: Atsuko Yamamoto, Yoshiyasu Hattammaru and Shoichi Uezono

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:59

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) require specific anesthetic and hemodynamic considerations. We report the specific anesthetic preparation and management in this scenario.

    Authors: Andrew J. B. Pisansky, Nelson Burbano-Vera and Matthias F. Stopfkuchen-Evans

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:57

    Content type: Case report

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  27. There is no fully recommended methodology for surgery for Barlow’s disease. Various methods have been proposed. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of transesophageal echocardiography (T...

    Authors: Musashi Yahagi, Takuma Maeda, Hiroko Kanazawa, Kenji Yoshitani and Yoshihiko Ohnishi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:56

    Content type: Clinical Research Article

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  28. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a disease of obstructive pulmonary artery remodeling as a consequence of major vessel thromboembolism. Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) is an alterna...

    Authors: Tomoko Ota, Kazumi Kawai, Tomoko Niihata and Hideki Fukuda

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:55

    Content type: Case report

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  29. The number of elderly patients undergoing elective as well as emergent cardiac surgery is increasing. Octogenarian and older patients undergoing surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (AAD) have a signific...

    Authors: Tetsuhito Masubuchi, Kenji Yoshitani, Kimito Minami, Chisaki Yokoyama, Akito Tsukinaga, Takahisa Goto and Yoshihiko Ohnishi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:52

    Content type: Clinical Research Article

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  30. Schwartz–Jampel syndrome (SJS) is a very rare inherited disorder characterized by multiple skeletal deformities, limited joint mobility, micrognathia, blepharophimosis, myotonia, and growth retardation. SJS is...

    Authors: Osama Shaalan, Mahmoud Daoud, Ashraf EL-Molla, Rashed Al-Otaibi and Abdulaleem Alatassi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:51

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Previous studies explored the benefits related to early ambulation postoperatively, but few focused on patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We retrospectively evaluated the incidence and predictors of the ...

    Authors: Shunsaku Goto, Yusuke Kasuya, Keiko Okuyama, Katsunori Ikari and Makoto Ozaki

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:50

    Content type: Clinical Research Article

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  32. Complete removal of pain with regional anesthesia has been reported to cause fatal respiratory depression in opioid-dependent patients, which leads us to choose general anesthesia. We hereby report three cases...

    Authors: Natsuko Nozaki-Taguchi, Yuko Ueda, Azusa Inada, Kyongsuk Son and Shiroh Isono

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:49

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Perioperative myocardial infarction is a rare but highly fatal complication, which often occurs in patients with poor preoperative cardiac conditions undergoing high-risk surgery. We report a case of acute myo...

    Authors: Thu Nguyen Dang, Nam Tran Hoai, Son Nguyen Viet, Tri Le Huu, Khuong Truong Van, Cuong Nguyen Manh and Tiep Tran Dac

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:48

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Lactate is a well-known marker to estimate prognosis after cardiac surgery and critically ill patients. The liver and kidney have a major role in lactate metabolism; however, there was less characterized about...

    Authors: Mariko Ezaka, Junko Tsukamoto, Koichi Matsuo, Nobuhide Kin and Kazue Yamaoka

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:47

    Content type: Original article

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  35. Musculocontractural Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a new and rare subtype of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome in which anesthetic considerations for airway and respiratory management, prevention of skin injuries and joint di...

    Authors: Ryo Wakabayashi, Satoshi Tanaka, Keiko Tsuchiyama, Katsumi Yamamoto, Yuki Maruyama, Kaori Numata and Mikito Kawamata

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:46

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Most children with trisomy 13 display central apnea, and are prone to opioid-induced respiratory depression. We conducted opioid-free anesthesia for a patient with trisomy 13 and obstructive sleep apnea, and s...

    Authors: Makiko Yamamoto, Izumi Miyazaki, Hiroaki Kishikawa and Atsuhiro Sakamoto

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:45

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Psoriasis vulgaris, a chronic inflammatory skin disease, rarely causes temporomandibular arthritis. We report a case of difficult airway management of a patient with limited range of motion in the temporomandi...

    Authors: Makishi Maeda, Tomohiro Chaki, Ryoichi Kawaguchi, Tomohiko Kimijima and Michiaki Yamakage

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:44

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: