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  1. Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a fatal cardiac ion channelopathy that causes sudden unexpected death in the young.

    Authors: Keisuke Omiya, Kazuha Mitsui and Takashi Matsukawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:16
  2. Although neurologic sequela is a recognized complication after interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB), there is a paucity of information on how severe and persistent neuropathy occurs and develops.

    Authors: Hisashi Shio, Shinichi Sakura, Akihiro Motooka, Yasuo Sakai and Yoji Saito
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:15
  3. The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article [1]. The ethics committee approval was granted for an observational study and the need for patient consent was waived. However, the study design described is a ra...

    Authors: Takeshi Suzuki, Takuya Kurazumi, Tomomi Ueda, Hiromasa Nagata, Takashige Yamada, Shizuko Kosugi, Saori Hashiguchi, Koichi Ito and Hiroshi Morisaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:13

    The original article was published in JA Clinical Reports 2017 3:36

  4. Wilms’ tumor with hyperreninemia may result in critical cardiovascular decompensation. We report a case of severe hypertensive heart failure followed by tumor resection in a 3-month-old infant with Wilms’ tumor.

    Authors: Hiroko Miura, Shin Kawana, Shigekazu Sugino, Chika Kikuchi and Masanori Yamauchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:12
  5. Studies reporting on perianesthetic death and anesthesia-related death are limited. The present study aimed to assess the incidence of perianesthetic death and its relation to anesthesia and to describe the pa...

    Authors: Mariko Sato, Mitsuru Ida, Yusuke Naito and Masahiko Kawaguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:8
  6. As both APTT and APTT-based coagulation method cannot distinguish heparin effect from intrinsic coagulation factor deficiency, we implemented thromboelastography (TEG) for the coagulation assessment in a patie...

    Authors: Kazuki Sato, Nobuyuki Katori, Yoshifumi Suga, Shuya Kiyama and Shoichi Uezono
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:7
  7. Plastic bronchitis (PB) is a complication of Fontan surgery, results in the formation of mucus plug in the tracheobronchial tree, causing potentially fatal airway obstruction. We report critical airway emergen...

    Authors: Hirofumi Nakamoto, Satoru Kayama, Mae Harada, Takahiro Honjo, Kinuko Kubota and Shigehito Sawamura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:6
  8. Echocardiography vector flow mapping can assess dynamic flow to treat congenital heart diseases. We evaluated intracardiac flow, energy loss, left ventricular output kinetic energy, and energetic performance i...

    Authors: Atsushi Kainuma, Koichi Akiyama, Yoshifumi Naito, Kazuma Hayase, Hisayuki Hongu, Keiichi Itatani, Masaaki Yamagishi and Teiji Sawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:5
  9. Surgical drainage and antimicrobial therapy are the most accepted empirical treatments for spinal epidural abscess. However, surgery may not be indicated when patient’s general health condition is poor. Percut...

    Authors: Masashi Fujii, Tsutomu Shirakawa, Nobuaki Shime and Yasuyo Kawabata
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:4
  10. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia type II (HIT II) is a rare, immune-mediated complication of heparin therapy and can cause life-threatening thromboembolism. However, perioperative anticoagulation therapy for p...

    Authors: Shuji Kawamoto, Eriko Kusudo and Kazuhiko Fukuda
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:3
  11. Placenta accreta is a major cause of massive obstetric hemorrhage during cesarean section. In recent years, pregnancy by in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer has been reported as a risk factor for placenta a...

    Authors: Mai Ito, Kensuke Oshita, Kazuyuki Tanaka, Masato Hara and Teruyuki Hiraki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2020 6:2
  12. Heated, humidified, high-flow nasal cannula (HHFNC) oxygen therapy allows optimal humidification of inspired gas at high flows and creates a distending pressure similar to nasal continuous positive airway pres...

    Authors: Shota Sonobe, Satoki Inoue, Tadashi Nishiwada, Junji Egawa and Masahiko Kawaguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:85
  13. Anaphylactic shock during pregnancy is a rare but life-threatening event for both the mother and the newborn.

    Authors: Miyuki Takahashi, Kunihisa Hotta, Soichiro Inoue, Tomonori Takazawa, Tatsuo Horiuchi, Takashi Igarashi and Mamoru Takeuchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:84
  14. Bleeding and carbon dioxide (CO2) gas embolism have been reported as serious complications associated with laparoscopic surgery. We present a case of cerebral infarction presumably caused by CO2 gas embolism duri...

    Authors: Atsushi Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Shirozu, Yuji Karashima, Katsuyuki Matsushita and Ken Yamaura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:82
  15. Neuromuscular blocking agents are frequently a cause of anaphylaxis that occurs in the perioperative period, and a skin prick test is an examination for definite diagnosis.

    Authors: Kanako Takahashi, Satoru Tanaka, Masanori Watanabe and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:81
  16. The patient state index (PSI) is a parameter of a four-channel electroencephalography (EEG)-derived variable used to assess the depth of anesthesia. A PSI value of 25–50 indicates adequate state of hypnosis, a...

    Authors: Shihoko Iwata, Michiyoshi Sanuki and Makoto Ozaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:80
  17. Sodium-channel myotonia (SCM) is a nondystrophic myotonia, characterized by pure myotonia without muscle weakness or paramyotonia. The prevalence of skeletal muscle channelopathies is approximately 1 in 100,00...

    Authors: Naohisa Matsumoto, Rei Nishimoto, Yoshikazu Matsuoka, Yoshimasa Takeda and Hiroshi Morimatsu
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:77
  18. Modified electroconvulsive therapy (m-ECT) is utilized worldwide as an effective treatment for drug-resistant psychiatric disorders. However, during m-ECT, treatment of hypotension and hypertension in response...

    Authors: Riho Nakayama, Takuya Yoshida, Norihiko Obata and Satoshi Mizobuchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:76
  19. Wilson’s disease is a rare autosomal recessive disorder affecting copper metabolism, which presents liver and brain dysfunction caused by abnormal copper accumulation. We report a patient who showed exacerbati...

    Authors: Kana Saito, Eiko Onishi, Jun Itagaki, Noriko Toda, Azusa Haitani and Masanori Yamauchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:75
  20. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is utilized for photodynamic diagnosis-assisted (PDD) surgery. However, it has been associated with vasodilation, hence, occasional hypotension.

    Authors: Tohru Shiratori, Kunihisa Hotta, Masaaki Satoh, Chiaki Kiuchi, Noriyuki Ogawa and Takayuki Kamigaito
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:74
  21. Information on epidemiology of prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) patients in the acute care setting in Japan is totally lacking. We aimed to investigate clinical features, impact, and long-term outcomes o...

    Authors: Isao Nagata, Tetsuhiro Takei, Junji Hatakeyama, Masafumi Toh, Hiroyuki Yamada and Michiko Fujisawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:73
  22. Intraoperative hemodynamic management is challenging because precise assessment of the adequacy of the intravascular volume is difficult during surgery. Perfusion index (PI) has been shown to reflect changes i...

    Authors: Kohei Godai, Akira Matsunaga and Yuichi Kanmura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:72
  23. The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is higher in patients receiving volatile anesthetics than those receiving total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol. However, it is unclear whe...

    Authors: Yuka Uchinami, Satoshi Takikawa, Fumiki Takashima, Yosuke Maeda, Satoki Nasu, Ayumi Ito and Tatushi Saito
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:70
  24. Long-term opioid treatment for chronic non-cancer pain has become controversial, given the increasing prevalence of opioid dependence. However, there is little information on therapeutic strategies for this co...

    Authors: Marie Shigematsu-Locatelli, Takashi Kawano, Tsuyoshi Koyama, Hideki Iwata, Atsushi Nishigaki, Bun Aoyama, Hiroki Tateiwa, Noriko Kitaoka and Masataka Yokoyama
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:68
  25. The use of deep pericardial suture (DPS) is a widely used technique to lift the heart and expose the targeted vessels during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). Several reports alert massive blee...

    Authors: Mirei Nagai, Satoshi Kurokawa, Makoto Ozaki and Minoru Nomura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:67
  26. The right external iliac vein (REIV) is often used for portal vein reconstruction in patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy with portal-superior mesenteric vein resection. We report a case of cardiac arrest...

    Authors: Koji Hoshino, Toru Nakamura, Mineji Hayakawa, Yusuke Itosu, Hitoshi Saito, Satoshi Hirano and Yuji Morimoto
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:65
  27. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is a type of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated with left ventricular outflow tract stenosis. The increased pressure gradients across the left ventricular out...

    Authors: Sho Yamazaki, Takeshi Omae, Keito Koh, Sonoko Sakuraba, Yosuke Katsuda and Masateru Kumemura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:64
  28. The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) based on serum albumin level and body weight and the Controlling Nutritional Status Score (CONUT) based on serum albumin level, total cholesterol level, and total ly...

    Authors: Atsushi Kotera
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:62
  29. Patients with renal failure are susceptible to electrolyte disturbances including life-threatening hyperkalemia, and intraoperative hepatic damage exacerbates it. We report a case on hemodialysis who developed...

    Authors: Eriko Takeyama, Nobuyuki Nishimura, Eizo Amano and Hiromi Shibuya
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:60
  30. Severe mitral regurgitation (MR) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) is a serious complication. Although several causes of MR after AVR have been reported, severe MR due to geometric changes in the mitral val...

    Authors: Ryo Wakabayashi, Susumu Ide, Takashi Ishida, Satoshi Tanaka and Mikito Kawamata
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:59
  31. Although 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is used for the photodynamic diagnosis of bladder tumors, hypotension is the most commonly observed adverse effect. We present a case of 5-ALA-induced severe hypotension ...

    Authors: Tomoaki Yatabe, Shigematsu-Locatelli Marie, Hideo Fukuhara, Takeshi Karashima, Keiji Inoue and Masataka Yokoyama
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:58
  32. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is usually performed under general anesthesia with a double-lumen tube. Recently, VATS without tracheal intubation in a patient with severe respiratory dysfunction h...

    Authors: Yuki Kikuchi, Masaki Orihara, Rie Mieda and Shigeru Saito
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:57
  33. Urea cycle disorders are rare; arginase-1 deficiency is one of those extremely rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorders. Arginase-1 is one among the enzymes involved in the production of urea from ammonia ...

    Authors: Hideya Kato, Ken Kawaguchi and Teiji Sawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:56
  34. Serotonin syndrome is a rare but potentially severe disease, which is caused by hyperstimulation of serotonin receptors in the central nervous system. Several antidepressants exert their effect by modulating i...

    Authors: Junko Takata, Tomoko Arashi, Ayako Abe, Shoko Arai and Naoko Haruyama
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:55