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Table 3 Comparison of first and second puncture pain intensities

From: The eutectic mixture local anesthetics (EMLA) cream is more effective on venipuncture pain compared with lidocaine tape in the same patients

  First puncture Second puncture 95% CI p value
First vs second puncture in total patients n = 24 n = 24   
VAS 9 [0–39] 12 [2–36] − 12.6 to 10.6 0.805
VRS 2 [1–2] 2 [1–2] − 0.6 to 0.2 0.363
First vs second puncture at EMLA site n = 12 n = 12   
VAS 2 [0–21] 7 [0–19] − 9 to 10 > 0.999
VRS 1 [1–2] 1 [1–2] − 1 to 0 > 0.999
First vs second puncture at lidocaine site n = 12 n = 12   
VAS 14 [4–42] 25 [10–55] − 14 to 35 0.401
VRS 2 [1–2] 2 [2–3] 0 to 1 0.140
  1. Data are presented as median [interquartile range] and absolute number. EMLA eutectic mixture of local anesthetics, VAS visual analog scale, VRS verbal rating scale