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  1. Status epilepticus requires immediate treatment because treatment delay can cause permanent neurologic complications. Dexmedetomidine may be an option for the treatment of status epilepticus although its effec...

    Authors: Shinju Obara, Koh Kakinouchi, Jun Honda, Yoshie Noji, Chie Hanayama and Masahiro Murakawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:12

    The Correction to this article has been published in JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:26

  2. Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) was first described in 1987. It is said that MCS is caused by neurological and immunological mechanisms in addition to psychosomatic mechanisms. When performing general anes...

    Authors: Aiji Sato(Boku), Shota Furuno, Yuji Kamimura, Yoshiki Sento, Eisuke Kako, Masahiro Okuda, Yasuyuki Shibuya and Kazuya Sobue
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:10
  3. Placenta percreta is the most severe abnormality in invasive placenta and often treated with cesarean hysterectomy. Endovascular embolization for placental abnormality is known to reduce bleeding from the plac...

    Authors: Takashige Yamada, Eriko Hirahata, Naho Ihara, Daisuke Nishimura, Kei Inoue, Jungo Kato, Hiromasa Nagata, Shizuka Minamishima and Hiroshi Morisaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:9
  4. Thoracic pneumatosis during mechanical ventilation may be life-threatening. We encountered a patient with thoracic pneumatosis after frequent displacement of the tracheal tube with an overinflated cuff.

    Authors: Yuka Tachiiri, Satoki Inoue and Masahiko Kawaguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:8
  5. Biliary atresia can be fatal if surgery is not performed early. Laparoscopic Kasai portoenterostomy was recently introduced in our hospital. Despite laparoscopic surgery generally provides advantages, there ar...

    Authors: Takehito Sato and Kimitoshi Nishiwaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:7
  6. Non-islet cell tumor producing insulin-like growth factor 2 involves hypoglycemia. During tumor resection, intense fluctuation of blood glucose level may occur. An artificial endocrine pancreas has been report...

    Authors: Kenzaburou Sugimoto, Rina Tokitou, Mamoru Kadosaki and Mamoru Takeuchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:6
  7. Bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) is a known complication in patients undergoing cemented orthopedic surgeries; however, the etiology and pathophysiology of BCIS are not fully understood. We report the ...

    Authors: Yuki Izumi, Satoshi Ishihara, Ivor Cammack and Ikuko Miyawaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:5
  8. Acute type A aortic dissections have an extremely poor prognosis, and cardiac tamponade is a major cause of death in these patients. Here, we describe a case where congenital partial pericardial defect relieve...

    Authors: Kota Nishimoto, Takeshi Umegaki, Sayaka Ohira, Yurina Nakajima, Takehiro Soeda and Takahiko Kamibayashi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:4
  9. Changes in coagulability during the hyperacute phase within 24 h after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for Heyde’s syndrome, or aortic stenosis complicated by gastrointestinal angiodysplasia and...

    Authors: Kumi Fukuhara, Takashi Kondo, Hirotsugu Miyoshi, Hiroshi Hamada and Masashi Kawamoto
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:3
  10. Oesophageal submucosal hematoma is a rare perioperative complication. When this complication develops after endovascular surgery, which requires postoperative antiplatelet therapy, whether to stop antiplatelet...

    Authors: Eriko Takeyama, Aiko Wada, Eizo Amano and Hiromi Shibuya
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:2
  11. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a life-threatening disorder, and its relevance to viral hepatitis B (HB) remains unknown. This case presents an initial experience of treating a patient with HB progres...

    Authors: Risa Fukushima, Kotoe Kamata, Fumiko Ariyoshi, Masashi Yanaki, Minoru Nomura and Makoto Ozaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:1
  12. Methylmalonic acidemia (MMAemia) is a rare hereditary disease affecting organic acid metabolism. It causes recurrent metabolic acidosis and secondary mitochondrial dysfunction, resulting in a poor prognosis. L...

    Authors: Akiko Hirotsu, Eriko Kusudo, Natsumi Mori, Yoshimitsu Miyai, Kengo Suzuki, Shuji Kawamoto and Kazuhiko Fukuda
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:83
  13. Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) present increased risks for anesthesia-related complications. We present a case of epidural anesthesia combined with sedation with dexmedetomidine for open app...

    Authors: Mikako Kusakai, Atsushi Sawada, Natsumi Kii, Yasuyuki Tokinaga, Naoyuki Hirata and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:82
  14. The oral thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist lusutrombopag (Mulpleta®) was developed to improve thrombocytopenia in patients with chronic liver disease prior to elective invasive medical procedures. Mulpleta...

    Authors: Tomoko Sasaguri, Naomi Hirakawa and Satoko Uemura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:80
  15. Arginine vasopressin has been used for the management of refractory vasodilatory shock. However, it is still unclear whether arginine vasopressin is useful for hypotension in patients with spinal cord injury.

    Authors: Tsukasa Shimauchi, Jun Maki, Jun Yoshino, Naoyuki Fujimura and Sumio Hoka
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:79
  16. Anesthetic management of lower extremity amputation in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients can be challenging because of their poor cardiovascular status. As previously reported, peripheral nerve block (PNB) ma...

    Authors: Hitomi Takemura, Daisuke Fujita, Megumi Matsuda, Kazuko Fujita, Masahiro Sakaguchi and Fumimasa Amaya
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:77
  17. The intensity of the electrical activity of the diaphragm (Edi) correlates with inspiratory effort. The ratio of tidal volume to the Edi is known as neuroventilatory efficiency (NVE) and is used as an index fo...

    Authors: Yusuke Naito, Yoshiyuki Shimizu, Takeshi Hatachi, Yu Inata, Kazue Moon, Kazuya Tachibana and Muneyuki Takeuchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:76
  18. Although various agents are used during anesthesia for surgical resection of pheochromocytoma, application of desflurane has rarely been reported. We report the use of desflurane in a case receiving resection ...

    Authors: Yutaka Oda, Takahisa Adachi, Ryushi Komatsu, Motoko Shimada and Yukio Tanaka
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:75
  19. Although venous cannulation is imperative during perioperative period, it inevitably causes venipuncture pain. Eutectic mixture local anesthetics (EMLA) has been used to reduce this pain, and various studies h...

    Authors: Tomomi Matsumoto, Tomohiro Chaki, Naoyuki Hirata and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:73
  20. Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by unexplained fever, systemic insensitivity to pain, anhidrosis, and mental distress. Anesthetic man...

    Authors: Yoko Takeuchi, Yoshihito Fujita, Takeshi Shimomura, Shuji Kurokawa, Hiroki Noguchi and Yoshihiro Fujiwara
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:72
  21. Dexmedetomidine is a sedative used during spinal anaesthesia. However, it frequently induces bradycardia. Although intravenous atropine is often used for treating bradycardia during regional anaesthesia, the r...

    Authors: Emi Fujii, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Kazunori Fujino, Masashi Fujii, Masae Furuno, Yasushi Sugimoto, Satoshi Takabuchi and Yutaka Eguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:70
  22. The postoperative mortality rate following a femoral neck fracture remains high. The Surgical Apgar Score (SAS), based on intraoperative blood loss, the lowest mean arterial pressure, and the lowest heart rate...

    Authors: Atsushi Kotera
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:67
  23. Evaluating patient satisfaction with anesthesia is critical for improving their experiences. We investigated perioperative anesthetic satisfaction and associated predictive factors in patients receiving cesare...

    Authors: Mitsuru Ida, Junko Enomoto, Yumiko Yamamoto, Hiroki Onodera and Masahiko Kawaguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:66
  24. Intercostal nerve block and neurolysis are widely used procedures, but their injectate spread has not been well understood. Previous studies have reported unexpected outcomes (paravertebral or epidural anesthe...

    Authors: Yuichi Ohgoshi, Yosuke Usui, Satoshi Terada, Yoshimasa Takeda, Aiji Ohtsuka, Kenjiro Matsuno and Yasuhisa Okuda
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:65
  25. Kagami-Ogata syndrome (KOS) is a rare congenital imprinting disorder. The problems related to the anesthetic management of patients with KOS are respiratory distress and difficult endotracheal intubation.

    Authors: Kazuaki Yamagata, Atsushi Kawamura, Satomi Kasai, Mai Akazawa, Michiru Takeda and Kazuya Tachibana
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:62
  26. Two opening methods are used for injection needle products: the “peel-apart method” where the adhesive surface of the packaging mount is peeled off, and the “push-off top method,” where the needle hub is press...

    Authors: Shintaro Abe, Isao Haraga, Fumiaki Kiyomi, Hitomi Kumano, Akira Gohara, Shigehiro Matsumoto and Ken Yamaura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:61
  27. To examine whether sex and polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2B6 and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A9 affect the difference between predicted and measured plasma propofol concentration during continu...

    Authors: Ai Fujita, Kengo Hayamizu, Tatsuya Yoshihara, Masayoshi Zaitsu, Fumie Shiraishi, Hisatomi Arima, Kazumasa Matsuo, Kanako Shiokawa, Hidekazu Setoguchi and Toshiyuki Sasaguri
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:59
  28. Sugammadex reverses rocuronium by encapsulating it, creating a stable complex that is mainly excreted by the kidneys. Nonetheless, in view of exposure to sugammadex during renal transplantation, current safety...

    Authors: Yasumasa Ono, Yoshihito Fujita, Takahiro Kajiura, Hazuki Okawa, Juntaro Nakashima, Hideo Isobe and Yoshihiro Fujiwara
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:56
  29. Ventricular assist device (VAD) is usually attached by an inflow cannula to the apex of the systemic left ventricle (LV), but very few cases with implantation of the VAD in the morphologic right ventricle (RV)...

    Authors: Kazutomo Saito, Hiroaki Toyama, Nozomu Abe, Azusa Sunouchi, Yutaka Ejima and Masanori Yamauchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:55
  30. Thromboembolism is a rare complication of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Importantly, an acute arterial occlusion needs rapid diagnosis and urgent treatment to help save the patient’s life. Here, we report a case o...

    Authors: Yuudai Horiguchi, Takuo Hoshi, Aya Yoshimatsu and Mika Yoshida
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:53
  31. Though several cases of upper gastrointestinal tract injury caused by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) have been reported, gastric perforation is very rare. Herein, we report the case of TEE-associated g...

    Authors: Masaya Oshiro, Hirotsugu Kanda, Akane Oshiro, Kenta Kure, Megumi Kanao-Kanda, Hiroyuki Kamiya and Takayuki Kunisawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:52
  32. Ventilation failure commonly occurs when a standard left-sided double-lumen tube is used in patients after left upper lobectomy having remarkable angulation of the left main bronchus. We present a female witho...

    Authors: Izumi Kawagoe, Masakazu Hayashida, Daizoh Satoh, Kenji Suzuki and Eiichi Inada
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:51
  33. One-lung ventilation under general anesthesia is necessary for thoracic surgery, but this procedure is often difficult in surgery for patients with cardiopulmonary failure. Non-intubated video-assisted thoraci...

    Authors: Satoru Kayama, Haruna Yamamoto and Shigehito Sawamura
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:48
  34. Transient myoclonic involuntary movements, typically referred to as spinal myoclonus (SM), rarely develop in the extremities following neuraxial anesthesia (NA). NA indications in patients with history of SM f...

    Authors: Tohru Shiratori, Kunihisa Hotta, Masaaki Satoh, Naoko Kondo, Junji Ikeda and Shinji Sasao
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:47
  35. The use of both pulse oximetry (SpO2) and respiration rate (RR) monitoring is recommended to prevent the development of respiratory deterioration, particularly after extubation and narcotic analgesic use for pain...

    Authors: Takashi Shiota, Hideaki Kawanishi, Satoki Inoue, Junji Egawa and Masahiko Kawaguchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2018 4:46