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  1. Mitral valve stenosis (MS) associated with rheumatic disease no longer represents a major heart problem during the perinatal period in Japan. Here we present a case of acute heart failure due to MS after emerg...

    Authors: Yuichiro Shimoyama, Toshiyuki Sawai, Osamu Umegaki, Tomoyuki Agui, Noriko Kadono, Junko Nakahira and Toshiaki Minami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:23

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  2. In 2005, “anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis,” a syndrome with prominent psychiatric symptoms, memory loss, decrease in level of consciousness, and central hypoventilation, was described in yo...

    Authors: Yuichiro Shimoyama, Osamu Umegaki, Tomoyuki Agui, Noriko Kadono and Toshiaki Minami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:22

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Although brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM) usually remain asymptomatic during pregnancy, they can cause intracranial hemorrhage and lead to serious neurological deficits. Nowadays, it is accepted that tr...

    Authors: Satoru Asano, Nahoko Hayashi, Shunsuke Edakubo, Maiko Hosokawa, Junko Suwa, Yutaka Saito, Shunsuke Ichi, Masuzo Taneda and Keiichi Katoh

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:21

    Content type: Case report

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  4. The pin-index medical gas pipeline system, which complies with Japan Industrial Standard (JIS), is considered to be “foolproof” and is widely used in Japan to avoid medical gas misconnections.

    Authors: Tatsuhiro Ishimura, Yoshihiro Ikuta and Tatsuo Yamamoto

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:20

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Ultiva™ contains the potent short-acting μ-opioid receptor agonist remifentanil hydrochloride, and it is commonly administered intravenously during general anesthesia. It is not approved for epidural or intrat...

    Authors: Kota Nishimoto, Sachiyo Sakamoto, Makiko Mikami, Kiichi Hirota and Koh Shingu

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:19

    Content type: Case report

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  6. This report describes a case of transient cardiac arrest in a child with Down syndrome. The cardiac arrest occurred during induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane. To the best of our knowledge, this is the fi...

    Authors: Kentaro Nogami, Shogo Taniguchi and Kyoko Togami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:18

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Factor XI deficiency is rare but may cause life-threatening bleeding during the perioperative period. The clinical manifestation of factor XI deficiency is characterized by bleeding tendency. This unpredictabl...

    Authors: Sachio Yoshikawa, Isao Kumano, Yasushi Satoh and Shinya Yufune

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:17

    Content type: Case report

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  8. A 71-year-old woman was transported to our hospital due to traumatic bleeding, and an operation was immediately performed for achieving hemostasis. We decided to perform Sonoclot®-guided blood transfusion. Whe...

    Authors: Mitsutaka Edanaga, Tomoe Hoshi, Ryu Azumaguchi and Michiaki Yamakage

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:16

    Content type: Case report

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  9. General theory of anesthetic managements for nontransplant procedures in lung transplant patients was proposed. However, there are few literatures reporting the perioperative management of thoracoabdominal maj...

    Authors: Hiroaki Toyama, Kazutomo Saito, Yusuke Takei, Kana Saito, Takuya Fujimine, Yutaka Ejima, Takashi Kamei, Tatsuaki Watanabe, Yoshinori Okada and Masanori Yamauchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:15

    Content type: Case report

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  10. We report a case of difficult lumbar puncture due to the inability to obtain adequate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in a patient later diagnosed with spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL). A 76-year-old man with a bod...

    Authors: Daiki Yamanaka, Takashi Kawano, Marie Shigematsu-Locatelli, Atsushi Nishigaki, Sonoe Kitamura, Bun Aoyama, Hiroki Tateiwa, Noriko Kitaoka and Masataka Yokoyama

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:14

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Barber-Say syndrome (BSS) is a very rare congenital disorder characterized by macrostomia, cutis laxa, and other features. We report our experience of performing general anesthesia on a Japanese child with BSS.

    Authors: Eisuke Hamaguchi, Yasuo M. Tsutsumi, Katsuyoshi Kume, Yoko Sakai, Nami Kakuta, Yuta Uemura, Shinji Kawahito and Katsuya Tanaka

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:11

    Content type: Case report

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  12. This study investigated plasma concentrations of substance P (SP) in patients undergoing general anesthesia (GA) and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). This prospective, observational, cohort study incl...

    Authors: Takako Kadota, Nami Kakuta, Yousuke T. Horikawa, Rie Tsutsumi, Takuro Oyama, Katsuya Tanaka and Yasuo M. Tsutsumi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:9

    Content type: Clinical research letter

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  13. Malignant hyperthermia (MH) occurred during anesthesia with volatile inhalation anesthetics in a patient under treatment with multiple oral antipsychotic drugs and with a history of multi-acting receptor-targe...

    Authors: Yoshiki Hara, Yutaka Hosoya, Ryo Deguchi and Shigehito Sawamura

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:8

    Content type: Case report

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  14. No successful resuscitation has ever been reported about intraoperative cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for an extended period of time in the lateral position. Here we report a case of successful resuscita...

    Authors: Kazuma Yunoki, Ryo Sasaki, Akihisa Taguchi, Shun Maekawa, Hiroshi Ueta and Kazuo Yamazaki

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:7

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Rapid sequence spinal anesthesia is a recently developed technique for the most urgent, category-1 cesarean section. To successfully perform this technique, it is important to multi-disciplinarily discuss with...

    Authors: Kotaro Hori, Yutaka Oda, Masayoshi Ryokai and Ryu Okutani

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:6

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  16. Neutrophils are the first line of defense against invasive microorganisms during and after surgery. There is a possibility that different opioid analgesics used during surgery have different effects on the leu...

    Authors: Toshiichro Inagi, Hideko Hoshina, Manzo Suzuki, Miki Wada, Hiroyasu Bito and Atsuhiro Sakamoto

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:5

    Content type: Clinical research letter

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  17. Spinal anesthesia is popular for endoscopic urological surgery. Many patients undergoing urological surgery are elderly. It is important to limit the dose to reduce any resultant hemodynamic effect. We present...

    Authors: Yoshimichi Namba, Michiaki Yamakage and Yoshinori Tanaka

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:4

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) and the bispectral index (BIS) are used to detect cerebral perfusion abnormalities. However, whether rSO2 and BIS values change during ligation of the internal jugular v...

    Authors: Maiko Hasegawa-Moriyama, Kohei Godai, Tomotsugu Yamada, Akira Matsunaga and Yuichi Kanmura

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2016 2:1

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (OALL), also called Forestier’s disease or diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, is characterized by anterior bridging osteophytes of unknown etiology. OA...

    Authors: Miki Iida, Kumiko Tanabe, Shuji Dohi and Hiroki Iida

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:11

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The patient was a 67-year-old woman with a history of worsening dyspnea over several months. Cardiac echocardiography showed a large, mobile left atrial myxoma. Emergency surgery was performed. Cardiac arrest ...

    Authors: Takuma Maeda, Ryo Sakurai and Yoshihiko Ohnishi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:24

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  21. A 32-year-old gravida 2, para 1 woman without structural cardiac disease was scheduled for her second cesarean section under combined spinal and epidural anesthesia (CSEA). She had stable hemodynamics after de...

    Authors: Mika Nakanishi, Kaoru Masumo, Takako Oota, Takeshi Kato and Toshihiro Imanishi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:23

    Content type: Case report

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  22. We report a patient who developed drug-eluting stent (DES) thrombosis induced by discontinuation of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and subsequently had a massive surgical site bleed caused by restarting hepa...

    Authors: Hiroaki Toyama, Kazutomo Saito, Hiroyuki Anzai, Naoya Kobayashi, Takanori Aihara, Yutaka Ejima and Masanori Yamauchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:22

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are a currently established destination and bridge therapy until cardiac transplantation; hence, this patient population continues to increase. Here, we present the first...

    Authors: Koko Adachi, Toshihiro Wagatsuma, Takuya Shiga, Hiroaki Toyama and Masanori Yamauchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:10

    Content type: Case report

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  24. A 2-year-and-7-month-old boy underwent an emergent reconstruction surgery of the right ventricle-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit. Although he was successfully weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) after re...

    Authors: Mariko Ishihara, Yoshikazu Miyamoto, Akihiro Taniguchi and Keiko Kinouchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:9

    Content type: Case report

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  25. We report a patient who developed sustained hypotension during craniotomy; further, owing to a mediastinal mass, critical tracheal stenosis and brain edema were observed after craniotomy, despite the absence o...

    Authors: Shota Sonobe, Satoki Inoue, Kazuaki Atagi and Masahiko Kawaguchi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:20

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) is used to reduce pain after breast cancer surgery (BCS), but the pain-reduction effects more than 1 year after surgery are unclear.

    Authors: Hiroki Shimizu, Yoshinori Kamiya, Hironobu Nishimaki, Sadahei Denda and Hiroshi Baba

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:19

    Content type: Clinical research letter

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  27. We retrospectively reviewed the anesthesia records of infants < 1 year of age for elucidating the incidence of difficult intubation and airway management in a single general hospital. The electronic data recor...

    Authors: Junko Aida, Yutaka Oda, Yoshihiro Kasagi, Mami Ueda, Kazuo Nakada and Ryu Okutani

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:18

    Content type: Case report

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  28. We report three cases of airway management with elective surgical cricothyroidotomy (SCT) for anesthetic management during surgical repair of maxillofacial injury involving basal skull fracture or nasal-bone f...

    Authors: Masayuki Kuroiwa, Kenichi Kumazawa, Sohei Ito, Masayasu Arai and Hirotsugu Okamoto

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:16

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Acute postoperative pain is an integral risk factor in the development of chronic pain after breast cancer surgery (BCS). Pectoral nerve block (PECSB) has been recently reported as an analgesic method for BCS....

    Authors: Harue Morioka, Yoshinori Kamiya, Takayuki Yoshida and Hiroshi Baba

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:15

    Content type: Clinical research letter

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  30. Miller–Dieker syndrome (MDS) is a rare disorder characterized by type I lissencephaly and a distinctive facial appearance that may include prominent forehead, bitemporal hollowing, and micrognathia. MDS is ass...

    Authors: Chiaki Wakiguchi, Kohei Godai, Keika Mukaihara, Tetsuya Ohnou, Tamotsu Kuniyoshi, Mina Masuda and Yuichi Kanmura

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:14

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Supraclavicular brachial plexus block is a common anesthetic technique performed for surgery of the upper extremities. We experienced a case of acute hypercapnic respiratory distress with loss of consciousness...

    Authors: Yuka Sakuta, Naoko Kuroda, Masatsugu Tsuge and Yoshihisa Fujita

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:13

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) during anesthesia has been described in several drug toxicity such as from cocaine, halothane, desflurane, and propofol. We present the case of a man who developed epi...

    Authors: Mika Nakanishi, Kaoru Masumo, Takako Oota, Takeshi Kato and Toshihiro Imanishi

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:12

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Non-cardiac surgery should only be performed in patients with Eisenmenger’s syndrome if absolutely mandatory because these patients are at high risk of perioperative mortality. Proper anesthetic and perioperat...

    Authors: Yu Matsumoto, Satoshi Shibuta, Tomotaka Morita, Takeshi Iritakenishi, Nobuyuki Nishimura, Moe Koide and Yuji Fujino

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:21

    Content type: Case report

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  34. We report here the anesthetic management of a patient with schizophrenia and pseudocholinesterase deficiency. Electroconvulsive therapy was performed using succinylcholine and rocuronium as the neuromuscular b...

    Authors: Tomonori Takazawa, Takashi Suto, Masako Aihara, Takeshi Anzai, Tatsuo Horiuchi, Makiko H. Yamada, Yuji Kadoi and Shigeru Saito

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:7

    Content type: Case report

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  35. A 72-year-old man underwent aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass graft using cardiopulmonary bypass with right axillary artery cannulation. After undraping, petechial and subcutaneous hemorrhage...

    Authors: Kei Kamiutsuri

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:6

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  36. An optical surgical navigation system is used as a navigator to facilitate surgical approaches, and pulse oximeters provide valuable information for anesthetic management. However, saw-tooth waves on the monit...

    Authors: Masaaki Satoh, Tetsuhito Hara, Kenji Tamai, Juntaro Shiba, Kunihisa Hotta, Mamoru Takeuchi and Eiju Watanabe

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:5

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Acute transverse myelitis after surgery is a rare condition, but this complication is devastating. The relationship between anesthetic procedures and acute transverse myelitis is controversial. A 46-year-old w...

    Authors: Tetsuya Shimada, Shinya Yufune, Motoshi Tanaka, Ryosuke Akai, Yasushi Satoh and Tomiei Kazama

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:4

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Analgesia after Cesarean delivery (CD) requires early ambulation to prevent thromboembolic disease and to facilitate baby care. We retrospectively reviewed anesthesia charts and medical records of patients who...

    Authors: Hiroko Suzuki, Yoshinori Kamiya, Takashi Fujiwara, Takayuki Yoshida, Misako Takamatsu and Kazunori Sato

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:3

    Content type: Clinical Research Letter

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  39. Although persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) itself is a common venous anomaly in congenital heart disease, PLSVC with absent right superior vena cava (RSVC) is a rare venous congenital malformation. Du...

    Authors: Yusuke Kusaka, Toshiyuki Sawai, Junko Nakahira and Toshiaki Minami

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:2

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a rare but life-threatening maternal emergency caused by the entry of amniotic fluid contents into the maternal circulation. The clinical manifestations of AFE are heterogeneou...

    Authors: Shinya Yufune, Motoshi Tanaka, Ryosuke Akai, Yasushi Satoh, Kenichi Furuya, Katsuo Terui, Naohiro Kanayama and Tomiei Kazama

    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2015 1:1

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: