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  1. The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) based on serum albumin level and body weight and the Controlling Nutritional Status Score (CONUT) based on serum albumin level, total cholesterol level, and total ly...

    Authors: Atsushi Kotera
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:62
  2. Patients with renal failure are susceptible to electrolyte disturbances including life-threatening hyperkalemia, and intraoperative hepatic damage exacerbates it. We report a case on hemodialysis who developed...

    Authors: Eriko Takeyama, Nobuyuki Nishimura, Eizo Amano and Hiromi Shibuya
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:60
  3. Severe mitral regurgitation (MR) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) is a serious complication. Although several causes of MR after AVR have been reported, severe MR due to geometric changes in the mitral val...

    Authors: Ryo Wakabayashi, Susumu Ide, Takashi Ishida, Satoshi Tanaka and Mikito Kawamata
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:59
  4. Although 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) is used for the photodynamic diagnosis of bladder tumors, hypotension is the most commonly observed adverse effect. We present a case of 5-ALA-induced severe hypotension ...

    Authors: Tomoaki Yatabe, Shigematsu-Locatelli Marie, Hideo Fukuhara, Takeshi Karashima, Keiji Inoue and Masataka Yokoyama
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:58
  5. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is usually performed under general anesthesia with a double-lumen tube. Recently, VATS without tracheal intubation in a patient with severe respiratory dysfunction h...

    Authors: Yuki Kikuchi, Masaki Orihara, Rie Mieda and Shigeru Saito
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:57
  6. Urea cycle disorders are rare; arginase-1 deficiency is one of those extremely rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorders. Arginase-1 is one among the enzymes involved in the production of urea from ammonia ...

    Authors: Hideya Kato, Ken Kawaguchi and Teiji Sawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:56
  7. Serotonin syndrome is a rare but potentially severe disease, which is caused by hyperstimulation of serotonin receptors in the central nervous system. Several antidepressants exert their effect by modulating i...

    Authors: Junko Takata, Tomoko Arashi, Ayako Abe, Shoko Arai and Naoko Haruyama
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:55
  8. Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder in humans. Coagulopathies such as VWD are evidently risk factors for post-surgical bleeding. Perioperative management of patients wit...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Oshika, Yukihide Koyama, Koichi Tsuzaki, Kohmei Ida and Tomio Andoh
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:54
  9. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) for simple congenital heart defects has become popular, and monitoring of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) is crucial for preventing cerebral ischemia during pe...

    Authors: Fumiaki Hayashi, Rei Nishimoto, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Tomoyuki Kanazawa, Tatsuo Iwasaki and Hiroshi Morimatsu
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:53
  10. Retrocaval ureter was diagnosed in a woman complaining of ureteric pain in the last trimester of pregnancy. We describe the rationale behind the administration of epidural analgesia for her colic attack.

    Authors: Soshi Iwasaki, Kohsuke Hamada, Kazunobu Takahashi, Mika Takahashi, Eri Mizuno, Naomi Mizukami and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:52
  11. Surgeries requiring one-lung ventilation (OLV) in patients with Fontan circulation pose great challenges. However, little information is available regarding the safety of OLV in Fontan patients when hemidiaphr...

    Authors: Yusuke Sasaki, Jungo Kato, Rie Minoshima, Hiromasa Nagata, Shizuka Minamishima, Takeshi Suzuki and Hiroshi Morisaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:50
  12. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) can control massive postpartum hemorrhage.

    Authors: Mitsunori Ikeda, Toshihiro Kitai, Nobuhiro Hayashi, Isao Ukai, Toshikatsu Nobunaga, Masanobu Kohno and Tatsuya Sugino
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:48
  13. Patients with achondroplasia have various airway deformations and spinal anatomic abnormalities; therefore, performing general anesthesia and neuraxial anesthesia in such patients can be challenging.

    Authors: Toshiyuki Nakanishi, Manabu Yoshimura and Takashi Toriumi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:47
  14. INTELLiVENT®-ASV (iASV) is a respiration mode on the Hamilton G5. The ventilator uses a closed-loop mechanism that automatically adjusts settings related to oxygenation and ventilation.

    Authors: Takayuki Taira, Tatsuya Fuchigami, Misuzu Hayashi, Kouta Kamizato, Kouji Teruya and Manabu Kakinohana
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:42
  15. Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (LV-PAN) formation is a rare complication after cardiac surgery and mainly occurs after mitral valve surgery. Echocardiography plays a critical role in the assessment of rupture...

    Authors: Futaba Miyoshi, Yusuke Seino, Minoru Nomura and Makoto Ozaki
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:41
  16. Lumbar epidural analgesia (LEA) is the most widely used method in reducing labor pain. Previous RCTs have shown that LEA does not increase cesarean section rates; however, the results are inconsistent and may ...

    Authors: Yusuke Naito, Mitsuru Ida, Ryo Yamamoto, Kazuya Tachibana and Keiko Kinouchi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:40
  17. Serum cholinesterase (ChE) in elderly adults is associated with geriatric conditions such as sarcopenia and malnutrition. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of preoperative serum ChE on the develop...

    Authors: Mitsuhiro Matsuo and Tohru Yamagami
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:39
  18. Peripartum cardiomyopathy is an uncommon form of heart failure that occurs in otherwise healthy women during pregnancy or until 5 months postpartum. Here, we report a rare case where a female patient underwent...

    Authors: Saya Hakata, Takeshi Umegaki, Takehiro Soeda, Kota Nishimoto, Akiko Ando, Natsuki Anada, Takeo Uba, Chisato Sumi and Takahiko Kamibayashi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:38
  19. The main purposes of awake craniotomy are to minimize postoperative brain dysfunction caused by the surgical procedure and to maximize the tumor resection range. In awake craniotomy, it is important to have a ...

    Authors: Shunsuke Tachibana, Masahito Omote and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:37
  20. Involuntary muscle contraction caused by extracardiac stimulation is a rare complication induced by a pacemaker. We report a case who developed sudden onset diaphragmatic contractions during general anesthesia...

    Authors: Kanae Tanabe, Masakazu Kotoda, Daiki Nakashige, Kazuha Mitsui, Kodai Ikemoto and Takashi Matsukawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:36
  21. Although rare, long-lasting fetal tachyarrhythmia often leads to fetal heart failure and hydrops. Some mothers receive transplacental treatment of fetal tachyarrhythmia (TTFT), which can potentially worsen mat...

    Authors: Nobuhiro Tanaka, Tomoaki Fujii, Niina Mikami, Yuka Uchinami, Hitoshi Saito and Yuji Morimoto
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:31
  22. Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a rare, genetic neurodegenerative condition. Thus far, ideal anesthetic management is not established for patients with HSP; therefore, careful selection and dosage of an...

    Authors: Masahiro Tada, Kazuyoshi Tateoka, Kenji Yamamoto, Yasuyoshi Inagaki and Takayuki Kunisawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:30
  23. Primary peritonitis due to Streptococcus pyogenes (S. pyogenes) is uncommon in patients without comorbid conditions such as immunosuppression, nephritic disease, or liver cirrhosis. Furthermore, it does not cause...

    Authors: Masashi Inoue, Eisuke Kako, Rie Kinugasa, Fumiaki Sano, Hironobu Iguchi and Kazuya Sobue
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:29
  24. We present a rare case of prolonged neuromuscular blockade and insufficient reversal after sugammadex administration in a pregnant patient being treated with magnesium sulfate and nifedipine undergoing cesarea...

    Authors: Kuniaki Moriwaki and Kenji Kayashima
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:28
  25. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported an error in Fig. 1b and c. A black bar and arrows were added.

    Authors: Shinju Obara, Koh Kakinouchi, Jun Honda, Yoshie Noji, Chie Hanayama and Masahiro Murakawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:26

    The original article was published in JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:12

  26. Anesthetic considerations for surgery during pregnancy include the safety of both mother and fetus. We successfully administered anesthesia for total mastectomy to a pregnant woman using general anesthesia com...

    Authors: Atsushi Sawada, Sayaka Sotome, Mikako Kusakai and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:23
  27. Esophageal perforation is a rare but serious complication of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). An enlarged left atrium (LA), which is commonly associated with mitral stenosis (MS), is an under-recognized...

    Authors: Aya Kimura, Takashi Mori, Yuki Kihara, Chie Watanabe, Katsuaki Tanaka, Tokuhiro Yamada, Atushi Yoshida, Joji Kawabe, Yoshito Sakon, Toshihiko Sibata and Kiyonobu Nishikawa
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:21
  28. Radiation enteritis following radiotherapy targeting the abdomen occasionally causes ulcers or ileus, which can be difficult to treat and usually progressive and refractory, significantly degrading the patient...

    Authors: Moegi Tanaka, Yoshinori Kamiya, Hiroki Shimizu, Tatsunori Watanabe, Natsuko Naito and Hiroshi Baba
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:20
  29. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIPD) is a rare acquired immune-mediated progressive and relapsing disorder that causes peripheral neuropathy lasting more than 2 months. We report the succes...

    Authors: Daiki Takekawa, Kishiko Nakai, Hirotaka Kinoshita, Junichi Saito, Masato Kitayama, Tetsuya Kushikata and Kazuyoshi Hirota
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:19
  30. Severe abdominal pain caused by a rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) can decrease a patient’s activities of daily living. A case of postoperative RSH for which a continuous rectus sheath block (RSB) was effective is...

    Authors: Sho Kumita, Shunsuke Tachibana, Takahiro Ichimiya and Michiaki Yamakage
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:16
  31. Autologous epidural blood patch (AEBP) is effective for post-dural-puncture headache (PDPH). In some cases, repeat procedures are required for complete cure. In rare instances, severe adverse effects can occur...

    Authors: Kentaro Iga, Takeshi Murakoshi, Airi Kato, Keiichiro Kato, Shuhei Terada, Hiroko Konno, Shingo Irikoma, Takashi Suzuki, Mitsuru Matsushita and Yoshie Toba
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:14
  32. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome has the risk of sudden cardiac death. Without appropriate treatment, coronary vasospasm is also a potentially fatal condition due to ischemia-induced ventricular fibrillati...

    Authors: Yuka Matsuki, Maki Mizogami and Kenji Shigemi
    Citation: JA Clinical Reports 2019 5:13