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Table 3 Overview of original studies assessing postoperative delirium after transurethral resection

From: Incidence and factors associated with postoperative delirium in patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumor

Authors Year Number of patients Surgical procedure Anesthesia POD metric POD incidence Associated factors with POD
Total TUR Mean age (years)
Tai et al. [15] 2015 485 485 71.2 (2.3) TUR-P Spinal CAM 21.2% (103/485) Not assessed using multivariate analysis
Sato et al. [16] 2016 215 39 73.8 (10) TUR-BT General and spinal DSM-V 2.5% (1/39) Not assessed specifically for patients who underwent TUR
Xue et al. [17] 2016 358 358 75.0 (6.3) TUR-P General and spinal CAM 7.8% (28/358) Age and pain score (multivariate analysis)
Braga et al. [18] 2019 55 55 71.8 (5.7) TUR-P No information was provided CAM 5.4% (3/55) Not assessed using multivariate analysis
Matsuki et al. [3] 2020 949 397 76.7 (6.9) TUR-BT General and spinal ICDSC 1.2% (5/397) Not assessed specifically for patients who underwent TUR
86 73.7 (5.7) TUR-P/PVP 4.6% (4/86)
Nakatani et al. [8] (this study) 2021 324 324 74.6 (9.2) TUR-BT General Chart-based method 8.0% (26/324) Age and body mass index (multivariate analysis)
  1. Mean (standard deviation) or number
  2. TUR transurethral resection, POD postoperative delirium, TUR-P transurethral resection of the prostate, CAM confusion assessment method, TUR-BT transurethral resection of the bladder tumor, TUL transurethral ureterolithotripsy, PVP photoselective vaporization of the prostate, DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ICDSC Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist