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Table 1 Lower limb muscle strength evaluated by manual muscle test. POD indicates post-operative days. POD1, POD7, POD54, POD106, and POD162. right limb/left limb. Ilio, iliopsoas muscle; Quad, quadriceps muscle; Ham, hamstring muscle; TA, tibialis anterior muscle; Gastro, gastrocnemius muscle; EHL, extensor hallucis longus muscle; FHL, flexor hallucis longus muscle; EDL, extensor digitorum longus muscle; FDL, flexor digitorum longus muscle

From: A case of spinal nerve neurotoxicity with ropivacaine after combined spinal and epidural anesthesia

Muscle POD2 POD7 POD54 POD106 POD162
Ilio 5/2 5/2 5/4 5/5 5/5
Quad 5/2 5/2 5/4 5/4 5/4
Ham 5/1 5/1 5/2 5/4 5/4
TA 5/1 5/1 5/2 5/3 5/4
Gastro 5/0 5/0 5/1 5/2 5/2
EHL 5/0 5/0 5/0 5/2 5/3
FHL 5/0 5//0 5/1 5/2 5/3
EDL 5/0 5/0 5/0 5/2 5/3
FDL 5/0 5/0 5/0 5/2 5/3