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Table 2 Method of delivery and incidence of perineal injury

From: The effect of labor epidural analgesia on labor, delivery, and neonatal outcomes: a propensity score-matched analysis in a single Japanese institute

  NEL (N = 218) EL (N = 218) p value
Oxytocin augmentation 93 (42.7) 179 (82.1) < 0.001
Method
 AVD 25 (11.5) 56 (25.7) < 0.001
 C/S only 28 (12.8) 37 (17.0) 0.23
Perineal injury
 None 46 (21.1) 55 (25.2) 0.27
 Grade 1–2 161 (73.9) 145 (66.5)
 Grade 3–4 11 (5.0) 17 (7.8)
  1. The rate of cesarean delivery did not increase by the use of LEA while assisted vaginal delivery significantly increased with the use of LEA. The grades of perineal injury were similar in both groups
  2. SVD spontaneous vaginal delivery, AVD assisted vaginal delivery, CS cesarean section