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Table 4 Advantages and disadvantages of laparoscopic Kasai surgery

From: Retrospective investigation about anesthetic management of biliary atresia in children: laparoscopic versus conventional Kasai portoenterostomy

Advantages Disadvantages
Minimized operative wound Pneumoperitoneum
Little postoperative pain Hypercapnia
Few cosmetic problems Low body temperature
Reduced bleeding Insufficient ventilation
Earlier postoperative recovery Bronchial intubation
Able to share the operative view with other doctors Increased operation time
Requires an advanced operation technique
Does not provide evidence for liver prognosis