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Table 2 Subgroup analysis for pain intensity

From: The eutectic mixture local anesthetics (EMLA) cream is more effective on venipuncture pain compared with lidocaine tape in the same patients

  EMLA Lidocaine 95% CI p value
EL group n = 12 n = 12   
VAS 2 [0–21] 25 [10–55] − 30.6 to − 2.5 0.022
VRS 2 [1–2] 2 [2–3] − 1.2 to − 0.3 0.016
LE group n = 12 n = 12   
VAS 7 [0–19] 14 [4–42] − 30.0 to − 0.5 0.022
VRS 2 [1–2] 2 [1–2] − 0.7 to 0.1 0.250
  1. Data are presented as median [interquartile range] and absolute number. EMLA eutectic mixture of local anesthetics, VAS visual analog scale, VRS verbal rating scale