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Table 1 Patients’ primary diseases

From: Anesthetic management for laryngeal closure: retrospective evaluation of 50 cases

  Total numbers Post-tracheotomy Intubated
Parkinson’s disease 10 2 1
Cerebral hemorrhage 9 5  
Cerebral infarction 9 5  
Cerebral palsy 5   1
Multiple system atrophy 2 2  
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 2 1  
Dementia 3   
Disuse syndrome 10 2  
  1. Disuse syndrome: postoperative dissecting aneurysm (n = 1), postoperative major abdominal surgery (n = 3), hypoxic brain damage due to suffocation (n = 1), pneumonia (n = 5)